political maze … and … lady luck

IT SHOULD NOT COME AS A SURPRISE THE LAS VEGAS “TAKING” OF WATER FROM NORTHEAST NEVADA IS MEETING INCREASING OPPOSITION. THE QUESTION ONE MIGHT CHOOSE TO ASK, IS WILL THIS OPPOSITION INCREASE OR WILL WHEN “GOOD-TIMES” RETURN, THIS OPPOSITION EVAPORATE AS POCKET$ ARE LINED…?

New species gives ammo to Snake Valley water deal opponents (Salt Lake Tribune)

OPINION: Snake Valley’s secret talks and quick deals (Ogden Standard)

Utah State aids with digging along Colorado River (Salt Lake Tribune)

Utah won’t rollover for water plan, governor says (Ely Daily Times)

No decision on Water Compact (Vernal Express)

UMA takes stand against Snake Valley water deal (KSL Salt lake City)

lady luckDIFFERENT PERSPECTIVE . . . IT MAY BE WELL TO CONSIDER THE LURE OF LADY LUCK AND THE POWER OF THE ALMIGHTY DOLLAR … DON’T COUNT LAS VEGAS SUCCESSFULLY CONCLUDING THIS TAKING …

I SUSPECT OTHER LOCALES ARE WATCHING AND LEARNING AS LAS VEGAS MIGRATES THROUGH THIS UNCHARTED CONTEMPORARY POLITICAL MAZE … THIS I SUSPECT IS NOT THE LAST “TAKING” OF WATER FROM THOSE WITHOUT VOICE IN RURAL AMERICA.

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… People should never be afraid of their government, government should always be afraid of the people …

… “Everyone has the right to clean and accessible water, adequate for the health and well-being of the individual and family, and no one shall be deprived of such access or quality of water due to individual economic circumstances” …

… I am most willing to present and discuss any water issue with any audience in Arizona where open full disclosure and two way dialog is permitted. …

Respectfully submitted,

What Australia Can Teach Us About Water Efficiency

DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVE . . . The author of this posting – Peter Gleick – is highly respected by many studying – water – both here in America and world wide. His perspective is worth your time and consideration.

What Australia Can Teach Us About Water Efficiency …By Peter Gleick, Pacific Institute. Posted September 28, 2009. …Recently, Australia drastically reduced its per capita water usage. So what’s the holdup stateside…? Regular readers of this blog know my feelings about the potential to improve the efficiency of our water use. Besides being cheaper and more environmentally beneficial than new supply options, efficiency improvements are easier to find. Our work at the Pacific Institute has repeatedly shown that the potential for improving efficiency is vast. Now, my colleague Michael Cohen of the Pacific Institute’s Boulder, Colorado office has pointed out to me a new study from Queensland, Australia. This report highlights once again how far we, in the United States, have to go.

Water Number: 34 gallons per day…. This is the level to which per capita residential water use in South East Queensland (SEQ), Australia dropped during 2007 and 2008 in the midst of a historically severe drought. Before the drought, Queensland homeowners were using around 70 gallons per person per day. For comparison, the average Californian uses around 135 gallons per person per day in their homes. SEQ includes the city of Brisbane and is home to about 14% of Australia’s total population.

Our previous work suggested it was possible to reduce residential (as well as overall urban) water use by a third: this would drop daily Californian use from 135 gallons per person to around 90 — still 20 gallons per day more than each Queenslanders used before the drought.

So how did they do it? While they developed conservation programs for all water users, part of their efficiency efforts focused on high water users. In 2004-05, over 204,000 households in South East Queensland used more than 800 liters of water per day (around 210 gallons per household — not per person, but per day). While this amount of water use is already far below what the typical three-or-four-person household in the U.S. uses, water service providers developed special programs to work with these households and helped them take action to reduce water consumption.

By June 2008, the number still using more than 800 liters had been reduced to around 53,300 households — almost a 74% reduction.

These reductions include both permanent improvements in efficiency and temporary conservation efforts involving changing behavior and cutting back on some water uses (like lawns and car washing). But the reductions achieved greatly exceed what the Pacific Institute recommended as easily achievable with current technologies like low-flow toilets, showerheads, and efficient washing machines.

Moreover, the drought has partially lifted in this part of Australia, and the water agencies have eased some of the restrictions. So what’s happened? Water use has gone up, but only to 43 gallons per person per day — still far, far below their pre-drought levels. This indicates that the drastic improvements in water-use efficiency appears to have caught on — that many Australians have found a way to continue with their lives while using less water.

The Institute’s study on urban water use efficiency, Waste Not, Want Not, published in 2003, showed that water use in our residential, commercial, institutional, and industrial sectors could drop more than 30%, cost effectively, with existing technology. Some urban agencies reacted as though we were proposing something impossible, or draconian. Others asked why we were picking on the cities, when agriculture used so much more water.

Our more recent studies on agricultural efficiency potential also identified a vast amount of water that could be saved — on the order of 17% of current use, with very conservative assumptions. Some irrigation districts, and especially agricultural lobbyists, reacted as though we were, yes, proposing something impossible, or draconian. Others asked why we were picking on farmers, when the cities were obviously so wasteful. And the State of California water “plan” still fails to incorporate this potential in their report.

Other studies at the Institute, focused on the potential in specific regions or cities like Las Vegas, Atlanta, and others have regularly found similar substantial, untapped potential.

Seeing the numbers achieved in Australia — 43 gallons vs. California’s 135, it’s hard to feel much sympathy for those who argue we’ve done all we can do to save water.

Some households and farms have made great progress — no doubt many readers of this blog.

Thank you for your efforts. But as a society, we still have a long way to go to really improve the way we use our water.
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… People should never be afraid of their government, government should always be afraid of the people …

… “Everyone has the right to clean and accessible water, adequate for the health and well-being of the individual and family, and no one shall be deprived of such access or quality of water due to individual economic circumstances” …

… I am most willing to present and discuss any water issue with any audience in Arizona where open full disclosure and two way dialog is permitted. …

Respectfully submitted,

to SOLVE anything requires DISCLOSURE

finger over muthDIFFERENT PERSPECTIVE . . .We Can’t Solve Our Food Crisis if We Don’t Talk About Water … By Sandor Ellix Katz, Chelsea Green Publishing….Posted September 28, 2009. …

Protecting our water commons should be a key issue in our debate about food politics.

Protecting the Water Commons …Water is a precious and dwindling resource that desperately needs protection. Agriculture accounts for the majority of the water humans use. According to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 70 percent of water usage worldwide is agricultural, mostly for irrigation. Using “conventional” input-intensive methods, it takes as much as 250 gallons of water to produce a pound of corn and 8,500 gallons to produce a pound of grain-fed beef. Irrigation systems are often inefficient, with the majority of the water evaporating or running off the field, carrying with it agricultural chemicals into surface water supplies.

Irrigation also alters soil conditions, eroding precious topsoil and depositing salts, which accumulate and eventually render the land inhospitable to plant life. Agriculture doesn’t have to use so much water. Traditional, locally bred plant varieties and animal breeds have been adapted to local water patterns through selection over time, exhibiting qualities such as drought tolerance, which enable them to produce even without regular watering. However, high yields from “improved” hybrid seeds depend upon a considerable and consistent supply of water.

In many regions, water demand is met by pumping underground water supplies (known as groundwater, in contrast to surface supplies, such as water from rivers, lakes, and reservoirs). Most of the food produced in the Great Plains of the United States is irrigated with water from the Ogallala aquifer, a single vast underground system spanning eight states. The problem is that the aquifer is being drained much faster than it’s being replenished. In the past fifty years the aquifer has lost over a third of its volume, and each year another foot and half of water is pumped from it, though the recharge rate from surface water seepage is just half an inch per year. Food produced using water from such a slowly renewing source is doubly unsustainable, using up not only fossil fuel for agricultural chemicals and transportation but also water supplies that have accumulated over millennia and that will take many generations to replenish.

As underground water levels are depleted, surface lakes and rivers often disappear. In coastal areas, excessive groundwater pumping can lead to seawater seeping into drinking water supplies. UNESCO warns that drawing on groundwater supplies “unavoidably results in depleting the storage and has unfavorable consequences.” Nevertheless, it is common practice. Groundwater is the source of about 25 percent of the water supply, both in the United States and globally.

“The world is incurring a vast water deficit, one that is largely invisible, historically recent, and growing fast,” summarizes the Earth Policy Institute’s Lester R. Brown. In our property system, any scarce resource becomes a commodity. Water is “one of the great business opportunities,” states Fortune magazine. “The dollars at stake are huge. . . Water promises to be to the twenty-first century what oil was to the twentieth.” Indeed, speculators have begun to trade in water “futures” just as they do any other commodity.

Policymakers proclaim that market forces will lead to more rational use of water. The World Bank, as part of its overall program of encouraging governments to divest themselves of services and industries, has aggressively promoted privatization of public water infrastructure since the 1990s, promising better water services through market efficiency and private investment. Yet those water systems that have been privatized have consistently seen higher consumer prices and disappointing levels of infrastructure investment. “What has now become clear is that the major multinational water corporations have no intention of making a significant contribution to the capital needed to ensure access to clean and affordable water,” concludes a study by the U.S. consumer watchdog group Public Citizen.

“The rhetoric of private sector financing is a myth.”Atlanta, Georgia, is the biggest American city to have privatized its water system. In 1998 the city signed a twenty-year, $428 million contract with a subsidiary of Suez, one of the global giants of the water services industry, to operate its water system. Once Suez took over, the company realized that it had underestimated the amount of work needed to maintain the system and demanded an additional $80 million from the city.

Atlanta’s mayor refused, because the whole reason the city had contracted out water services was to save money. Suez laid off half the water system’s employees and tried to get extra money out of the city, for example by billing routine maintenance work to the city as “capital repairs.” Maintenance was neglected, while water and sewer rates increased. Worst of all, water quality suffered, with frequent discolorations and boil-water advisories. Though the water services industry had hoped the Atlanta experience would open up the U.S. market to them, in 2003 Atlanta officials terminated the contract. Chris New, Atlanta’s deputy water commissioner, said, “My biggest concern is a lot of people have lost confidence in the water itself.
The government of Bolivia, in debt and heavily dependent upon World Bank loans, heeded the bank’s advice to privatize water; in 1999 Bolivia awarded a forty-year contract to a subsidiary of the Bechtel Corporation for water services to Cochabamba, a city of more than six hundred thousand people. In this case, to meet the budget shortfall, water price increases went into effect immediately, with rates as much as tripling. The people of Cochabamba were shocked and angered by the dramatic rate increase. There was a four-day general strike, followed by escalating street protests. The Bolivian military took over the city and banned demonstrations. In the ensuing protests military forces injured 175 people and killed an unarmed seventeen-year-old. Government officials offered to roll back the rate increases, but the opposition leaders demanded that the contract be terminated. The Bolivian president did so, just six months into the contract. Bechtel responded by filing (but later withdrew) a $25 million lawsuit against Bolivia to compensate for “lost future profits.”

Another whole realm of water privatization is bottled water. In the United States bottled water sales more than tripled in the 1990s and continue to climb. In 2005 sales of bottled water in the United States approached $10 billion. Global bottled-water sales were $100 billion in 2004, according to the Earth Policy Institute.

One problem with this trend is that if the people who can afford to buy bottled water are drinking primarily that, the constituency for tap water is reduced, and by extension, for public investment in water systems.

If the $100 billion being spent worldwide each year on bottled water were being invested in public water-supply systems, water quality and access would improve markedly. “A major shift to bottled water could undermine funding for tap water protection, raising serious equity issues for the poor,” warns the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC). “The long-term solution to our water woes is to fix our tap water so it is safe for everyone, and tastes and smells good.”

Another big problem with bottled water is the plastic packaging. The 6 billion gallons of bottled water that were sold in the United States in 2002 required 1.5 million tons of plastic. And around thirty million plastic water bottles are discarded each day, piling up on landfills. Obtaining the essential daily sustenance of water from disposable plastic containers is totally unsustainable behavior.
However, it is sustainable as a business opportunity.

The corporations that dominate this rapidly growing industry are all household names from the food industry: Nestlé, PepsiCo, Coca-Cola, and Danone (the French-based manufacturer of Dannon yogurt). The water these corporations bottle as well as use in other beverages all comes from somewhere, and communities around the world are engaged in battles with water bottlers to keep them from extracting this precious resource.
Nestlé’s niche is spring water, and the company has been buying up springs around the United States. Wisconsin activists succeeded in legal efforts to prevent Nestlé from pumping water at two different springs in that state. In Red Boiling Springs, Tennessee (where my friend Jeff Poppen, the CSA farmer featured in chapter 1, lives), Nestlé started pumping and bottling local water in 2003, with the help of a $1 million job-creation grant from the U.S. Department of Commerce. The promised local jobs never materialized, but the water extraction did.

In Maine Nestlé acquired Poland Springs and other nearby sources, then sharply increased the volume of water being extracted. A local group has proposed that the state impose a water extraction fee of three cents per 20-ounce water container to fund a “Maine Water Dividend Trust.” The activists’ initial effort to place the proposal on the ballot as a voter referendum failed, but they continue working to build grassroots support for the initiative.

Not all bottled water flows from springs. Sometimes it is taken directly from municipal taps or from polluted groundwater supplies. The NRDC analyzed 103 brands of bottled water in 1999 and found that a third of them had “significant” bacterial or chemical contamination. The NRDC’s legal analysis found that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s regulation of bottled water is minimal and full of loopholes, “weaker in many ways than [Environmental Protection Agency] rules that apply to big city tap water. . . . While much tap water is indeed risky, having compared available data we conclude that there is no assurance that bottled water is any safer than tap water.”
In some cases, particularly in dry regions, the pumping of water from underground aquifers has dried up wells and other traditional water sources. Residents of several different towns in India have risen up against Coca-Cola bottling plants for their draining of local aquifers and polluting of local waters and land. In Kala Dera, Rajasthan, Coke’s state-of-the-art groundwater extraction resulted in a dramatic reduction of the water table. After only six years of the plant’s operation, fifty nearby villages reported water shortages as wells dried up. Many of these villages formed “struggle committees,” and together they brought together two thousand people to march on the plant in 2004 to demand that the water extraction stop. “Drive away Coca-Cola, save the water!” is their rallying cry. An Indian government hydrogeologists warns that continued extraction will lead to deterioration of water quality and ecological repercussions such as rising surface temperatures and an increased likelihood of earthquakes, caused by the earth’s upper crust drying up.
The people around Kala Dera move forward with their struggle inspired by the success of activists in Plachimada, in the Indian state of Kerala. Residents there have maintained a constant vigil at the gates of the local Coca-Cola bottling plant since April 2002, protesting similar water shortages there resulting from groundwater pumping. The state government shut down the bottling plant, on a temporary basis, during a drought emergency in March 2004, but the local village council, or panchayat, has refused to allow the plant to reopen, and Kerala state pollution officials have ordered Coke to pipe water to communities where water supplies have been lost. In addition to depleting water resources, this plant was distributing its solid waste to local farmers as “fertilizer.” Testing revealed cadmium and lead in the fertilizer, meaning that the land it had been spread on was contaminated with heavy metals; the state has since ordered Coke to stop distributing its toxic waste to farmers.

These water and waste struggles in India have been bolstered by international solidarity. In the United States and Europe, college students are boycotting Coke and organizing campaigns to kick Coke off campuses. I believe that a boycott of Coca-Cola is a fine idea, but I think that boycott should extend to all global corporate food. It’s not like drinking Pepsi is a more sustainable alternative.

Wherever we live, we must acknowledge our dependence on the flow of water and honor and protect the sources that sustain us. Those sources are the source of all life, a common heritage that must remain in the public domain.

Water is a biological necessity, recycling endlessly, and our bodies are part of its cycle. Water transcends commoditization, just as the earth does. We are of it, so how can it be our property?
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – —
… People should never be afraid of their government, government should always be afraid of the people …

… “Everyone has the right to clean and accessible water, adequate for the health and well-being of the individual and family, and no one shall be deprived of such access or quality of water due to individual economic circumstances” …

… I am most willing to present and discuss any water issue with any audience in Arizona where open full disclosure and two way dialog is permitted. …

Respectfully submitted,

Collobration & Consensus Building

UA water adviser combines knowledge of issues, consensus-building skills …By Chrystall Kanyuck, Cronkite News Service …Published: October 5, 2009 at 8:19 … TUCSON – excerpted … When politicians, activists and academics get together to discuss Arizona water policy, there’s no shortage of controversy and conflict. But everyone seems to agree on this: Sharon Megdal is a good person to have in the room. And it isn’t just because she directs the University of Arizona’s Water Resources Research Center. It’s because she combines knowledge of the issues with a human touch, they say

“She’s feisty, but she’s also the person who brings in brownies to a meeting,” said Madeline Kiser, a Tucson activist. “She reached out to me,” Kiser said. “She knows what we need most is to gain common ground.”

Megdal said water is too complex an issue not to involve as many voices as possible in the debate. “So many important public policy issues are related to water,” Megdal said in an interview at her office. “I try to understand all the different aspects of it.”

And while her personal warmth may always be there, Megdal has no trouble delivering harsh assessments. “I don’t think we’re doing enough regional or statewide water planning,” Megdal said. “Leaders can avoid a water crisis by planning properly.”

She gives that message during presentations to the Legislature and local leaders and as a member of the Central Arizona Project’s board of directors. A recent guest column in The Arizona Republic criticized the lack of a comprehensive vision for the state’s water supply. “What concerns me about that is that Arizona grew so quickly and that it’s going to continue to grow,” Megdal said in the interview. “But there isn’t a comprehensive overlay of a plan.”

“When one is trained as an economist, it provides an analytical framework for solving problems,” Megdal said. “I think of different ways of asking questions.” In 1985, Megdal was appointed to the Arizona Corporation Commission, serving to 1987. Suddenly, water was a big part of her job, as the commission regulates local water utilities.

“Once someone immerses themself in water, so to speak, they tend to stay with it,” Megdal said.

DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVE . . . Why is it whenever the topic of – COLLABORATION … CONSENSUS BUILDING is part of any conversation about – WATER – one group is continuously and deliberately excluded and eliminated … WE … the people, voters, taxpayers, citizens residents….?

In the last 30 years in Arizona our leaders irrespective of the political position they occupy or the governmental agency they may lead have made a conscious effort to make damn sure that John Q Public does NOT have voice in discussions about water.

Ever ask yourself … why …? It’s really quite simple … “we” – that’s you and me – with our presence “we” interject “mess” into what is a quite elaborately orchestrated dance which meets the letter of law while cleverly avoiding the intent of law. Watch as these forums unfold and see how those chosen as “stakeholders” are, to borrow a line from a famous movie … CASABLANCA … “round up the usual suspects” … it truly does not take much effort to quickly learn how public stakeholders are picked selectively after they meet undisclosed attributes which permit them to be manipulated into docile sheep.

Pundits postulate on why we are unable to obtain genuine “buy-in” on any water program proposed, though they never choose to evaluate the make-up of the commission proposing the latest water program. Genuine “buy-in” will not be achieved until “we” (the people) are honorably invited to the table, our voices heard and our questions truthfully answered. For government designed to perpetuate and protect itself, opening discussion to include you and me and to provide full, open, honest, timely DISCLOSURE is a huge step, but it’s the only step which will guarantee honest buy-in and bring about the need paradigm change respecting water.

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… People should never be afraid of their government, government should always be afraid of the people …

… “Everyone has the right to clean and accessible water, adequate for the health and well-being of the individual and family, and no one shall be deprived of such access or quality of water due to individual economic circumstances” …

… I am most willing to present and discuss any water issue with any audience in Arizona where open full disclosure and two way dialog is permitted. …

Respectfully submitted,