“how sweet it is”

 

… Because we fear to ask … because we fear to challenge BS ‘sound-bite’ answers … we live in the realm of the unknown …

 

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FRACKINGfrom public internet sources … Hydraulic fracturing, often called fracking or hydrofracking … is the process of initiating and subsequently propagating a fracture in a rock layer, employing the pressure of a fluid as the source of energy. The fracturing is done from a wellbore drilled into reservoir rock formations, in order to increase the extraction rates and ultimate recovery of oil and natural gas.

Hydraulic fractures may be natural or man-made and are extended by internal fluid pressure which opens the fracture and causes it to extend through the rock. Natural hydraulic fractures include igneous dikes, sills and fracturing by ice as in frost weathering. Man-made fluid-driven fractures are formed at depth in a borehole and extend into targeted formations. The fracture width is typically maintained after the injection by introducing a proppant into the injected fluid.  Proppant … is a material, such as grains of sand, ceramic, or other particulates that prevent the fractures from closing when the injection is stopped.

Considerable controversy surrounds the current implementation of hydraulic fracturing technology in the United States. Environmental safety and health concerns have emerged and are being debated at the state and national levels.

Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals   use anywhere from 50,000 to 350,000 gallons of various stimulation and fracturing fluids, and from 75,000 to 320,000 pounds of proppant during the hydraulic fracturing of a single well. Many fracturing fluids contain chemicals that can be toxic to humans and wildlife, and chemicals that are known to cause cancer. These include potentially toxic substances such as diesel fuel, which contains benzene, ethylbenzene, toluene, xylene, naphthalene and other chemicals; polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; methanol; formaldehyde; ethylene glycol; glycol ethers; hydrochloric acid; and sodium hydroxide. Very small quantities of chemicals such as benzene, which causes cancer, are capable of contaminating millions of gallons of water. The above is but the tip of the ingredients used by the oil and gas industry in their “fracking” process.

It is estimated that anywhere from 20-40% of the fracking fluids remain in the ground. Some fracturing gels remain stranded in the formation, even when companies have tried to flush out the gels using water and strong acids.  Also, studies show that gelling agents in hydraulic fracturing fluids decrease the permeability of coals, which is the opposite of what hydraulic fracturing is supposed to do (i.e., increase the permeability of the coal formations). Other similar, unwanted side effects from water- and chemical-based fracturing include: solids plugging up the cracks; water retention in the formation; and chemical reactions between the formation minerals and stimulation fluids. All of these cause a reduction in the permeability in the geological formations. 

Hydraulic Fracturing Chemical Disposal – When companies have an excess of hydraulic fracturing fluids, they either use them at another job or dispose of them.  Some company Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) include information on disposal options for fracturing fluids and additives.  Yet these same fluids (in diluted form) are allowed to be injected directly into or adjacent to USDWs. Under the Safe Drinking Water Act, hazardous wastes may not be injected into USDWs. Moreover, even if hazardous wastes are diluted with water so that the hazardous characteristics of the fluids are removed, the wastes still cannot be injected into USDWs.  If unused hydraulic fracturing fluids are indeed "hazardous wastes", it is unconscionable that EPA is allowing these substances to be injected directly into underground sources of drinking water.

ALLEGATION … EPA Finds Secret Fracking Chemicals in Drinking Water

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has discovered numerous pollutants in well water near gas drilling sites, including chemicals that are used in a controversial technique called hydraulic fracturing, or fracking. The investigation in central Wyoming is the first water testing by EPA examining the impacts of gas drilling on drinking water. However, EPA is hobbled in its duty to protect the public because gas drillers are allowed to keep secret the chemicals they pump into the ground – toxic chemicals that may be entering ground water supplies.

Responding to years of complaints of water contamination and illnesses from citizens in rural Wyoming, the EPA investigated the water quality of 39 wells surrounding a small community besieged by gas drilling. The agency found a range of contaminants, including arsenic, copper, vanadium, and methane gas in the water. Many of the substances are found in various fluids used at drilling sites. EPA scientists are acknowledging the growing body of evidence linking hydraulic fracturing to numerous cases of contamination and health problems.

The drilling industry claims no federal regulation of fracking is needed, citing the lack of conclusive proof linking fracking chemicals to contamination of a particular water source. Unfortunately for EPA and citizens like those in Wyoming who depend on wells, EPA has little authority to do the scientific analysis needed to effectively protect water supplies. A 2005 energy bill exempted gas drilling operations from the requirements of the Safe Drinking Water Act. EPA eventually was able to exercise its authority under the Superfund law to begin its investigation in Wyoming.

The news organization ProPublica describes the burdensome and slow process EPA is forced to use to protect public health:

EPA investigators explained that because they had no idea what to test for, they were relegated to an exhaustive process of scanning water samples for spikes in unidentified compounds and then running those compounds like fingerprints through a criminal database for matches against a vast library of unregulated and understudied substances. That is how they found the adamantanes and 2-BE [compounds associated with gas drilling].

All this effort was to test just 39 water wells surrounding one small town. There arethousands of gas-drilling sites around the country that are using secret fracking fluids. Gas drilling expanded greatly during the previous administration. Drilling sites are active or in development in more than 30 states, including in the watershed that supplies drinking water to New York City.

Legislation that is now in Congress would close the regulatory loophole granted to the oil and gas industry and require drillers to disclose what chemicals are in their fracking fluids. Without knowing what chemicals to test for and without the authority of the Safe Drinking Water Act, the EPA’s investigations will be slower and costlier and identifying the source of contaminants extremely difficult. Under these restrictions, which are designed to protect industry, the government cannot protect the drinking water and health of Americans.

CURRENT  REALITY … Frankly we do not honestly have a clue on what any driller is actually putting into the ground in his “fracking” secret “soup” concoction nor the pressure at which it is delivered, nor the actual conditions this “fracking” process has on any of the surrounding ground, nor the extent of the area affected by this “fracking” process.  Moreover, by application of law all this activity is excluded from the provisions of the Federal Clean Water Act – courtesy of Congre$$ – thereby essentially gifting immunity to the oil/gas industry for any damage this process causes or may cause.  

Furthermore, the rules and standards governing this fracking activity is the work product of academia, think tanks, government studies essentially controlled by the oil/gas industry … effectively allowing them to be judge, jury, prosecutor.

The reputed guardians of our environment … EPA … today is a revolving door agency where government regulators and industry personnel change positions more often than some folks change underwear.   One needs a directory to determine who is representing what and for whom…?    As a result authentic environmental protection is an oxymoron … as prevailing corporate influence subjugates … as elected ‘public servants’ prostrate themselves before their corporate masters.  

As “we” remain hopelessly afraid to just ask the question … demand full disclosure … accept nothing less … 

As a result daily our underground water aquifers increasingly are contaminated … our soils polluted … our general health declines … while the captains of industry enjoy obscene profit$ … with no accountability as “we” have allowed them to pass all their externalities forward for you and me to pay for … As the late Jackie Gleason was so fond of saying ..  how sweet it is” …  if you’re corporate that is…

… I DON’T KNOW ABOUT YOU … BUT THIS IS DEFINETELY TAKING IT TO A NEW LEVEL … GOTTA LAUGH …

 

… I DON’T KNOW ABOUT YOU … BUT THIS IS DEFINETELY TAKING IT TO A NEW LEVEL … GOTTA LAUGH …

 

Man Takes Viagra, Wears Sweatpants for TSA Pat Down

07-19-2011  •  .

A Wyoming man walked through a TSA checkpoint with a raging erection on Tuesday, daring TSA officers and even fellow passengers to give him an invasive pat down

OOPS … maybe there’s a glitch … you think … ?

…Hey … this can’t be true … remember when “Rummy” … you know the Sec of Defense for President “W” Bush(league) … salivated as he informed us about how the military-industrial-corporate-congressional-complex war machine was so precise … so humanitarian …

 

OOPS … maybe there’s a glitch … you think … ?

 

US drone strikes in Pakistan claiming many civilian victims, says campaigner

 

One man in Waziristan is documenting casualties – and says destruction has been radicalizing locals

 

READ COMPLETESaeed Shah in Islamabad and Peter Beaumontguardian.co.uk, Sunday 17 July 2011 18.00 BST … http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jul/17/us-drone-strikes-pakistan-waziristan

For the past three years, Noor Behram has hurried to the site of drone strikes in his native Waziristan. His purpose: to photograph and document the impact of missiles controlled by a joystick thousands of miles away, on US air force bases in Nevada and elsewhere. The drones are America’s only weapon for hunting al-Qaida and the Taliban in what is supposed to be the most dangerous place in the world.

 

Sometimes arriving on the scene just minutes after the explosion, he first has to put his camera aside and start digging through the debris to see if there are any survivors. It’s dangerous, unpleasant work. The drones frequently hit the same place again, a few minutes after the first strike, so looking for the injured is risky. There are other dangers too: militants and locals are suspicious of anyone with a camera. After all, it is a local network of spies working for the CIA that are directing the drone strikes.

But Noor Behram says his painstaking work has uncovered an important – and unreported – truth about the US drone campaign in Pakistan‘s tribal region: that far more civilians are being injured or dying than the Americans and Pakistanis admit. The world’s media quickly reports on how many militants were killed in each strike. But reporters don’t go to the spot, relying on unnamed Pakistani intelligence officials. Noor Behram believes you have to go to the spot to figure out whether those killed were really extremists or ordinary people living in Waziristan. And he’s in no doubt.

"For every 10 to 15 people killed, maybe they get one militant," he said. "I don’t go to count how many Taliban are killed. I go to count how many children, women, innocent people, are killed."

The drone strikes are a secret programme run by the CIA to assassinate al-Qaida and Taliban extremists using remote, wild Waziristan as a refuge. The CIA does not comment on drones, but privately claims civilian casualties are rare.

The Guardian was unable to independently verify the photographs. Noor Behram’s account of taking the pictures appeared detailed and consistent however. Other anecdotal evidence from Waziristan is conflicting: some insist the drones are accurate, while others strongly disagree.

According to Noor Behram, the strikes not only kill the innocent but injure untold numbers and radicalise the population. "There are just pieces of flesh lying around after a strike. You can’t find bodies. So the locals pick up the flesh and curse America. They say that America is killing us inside our own country, inside our own homes, and only because we are Muslims.

"The youth in the area surrounding a strike gets crazed. Hatred builds up inside those who have seen a drone attack. The Americans think it is working, but the damage they’re doing is far greater."

Even when the drones hit the right compound, the force of the blast is such that neighbours’ houses, often made of baked mud, are also demolished, crushing those inside, said Noor Behram. One of the photographs shows a tangle of debris he said were the remains of five houses blitzed together.

The photographs make for difficult viewing and leave no doubt about the destructive power of the Hellfire missiles unleashed: a boy with the top of his head missing, a severed hand, flattened houses, the parents of children killed in a strike. The chassis is all that remains of a car in one photo, another shows the funeral of a seven-year-old child. There are pictures, too, of the cheap rubber flip-flops worn by children and adults, which often survive: signs that life once existed there. A 10-year-old boy’s body, prepared for burial, shows lipstick on him and flowers in his hair – a mother’s last loving touch.

There are photos of burned and battered Qur’ans – but no pictures of women: the conservative culture in Waziristan will not allow Noor Behram to photograph the women, even dead and dismembered. So he makes do with documenting shredded pieces of women’s clothing.

The jagged terrain, the often isolated location of strikes, curfews and the presence of Taliban, all mean that it is a major challenge to get to the site of a drone strike. Noor Behram has managed to reach 60, in both North and South Waziristan, in which he estimates more than 600 people were killed. An exhibition of his work, at London’s Beaconsfield galleryopening on Tuesday, features pictures from 27 different drone strikes. Clive Stafford Smith, head of Reprieve, the campaigning group, has launched a lawsuit along with a Pakistani lawyer, Shahzad Akbar, seeking to bring to justice those responsible for civilian deaths from drones. "I think these pictures are deeply important evidence," said Stafford Smith. "They put a human face [on the drone strike campaign] that is in marked contrast to what the US is suggesting its operators in Nevada and elsewhere are doing. "They show the reality of ordinary people being killed and losing their homes, not senior al-Qaida members."

 

The programme of drone strikes was ramped up under the Obama administration. Last year saw the greatest number of attacks, 118, while there have been 45 so far in 2011, according to a tally kept by the New America Foundation, a thinktank based in Washington.Gaming in Waziristan, an exhibition including images of the aftermath of drone strikes in North Waziristan, opens at Beaconsfield, 22 Newport Street, London SE11 6AY info@beaconsfield.ltd.uk

 

… A perspective about GM crops … Mon$anto and USDA choose not to disclose …

… A perspective about GM crops … Mon$anto and USDA choose not to disclose …

 

GM Crops Farmer to Farmer – The Truth about GM Crop Farming     SEE VIDEO HERE … http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jEX654gN3c4&feature=player_embedded

 

clip_image002The article to the left appears in the Arizona Republic, 7/20/11, issue and for me begs the question … especially after viewing the video referenced above … whether the choice of crops … ie cotton … is appropriate for our soil and water availability…?

Change is inevitable and perhaps the salient question facing American agriculture is whether our choice of crops … especially those genetically engineered (GMO) … is long term the best decision…?

Why should “we” subsidize the water “AG” uses … should they not survive based on “sustainable” crops and prudent use of available water…?

… Like a bad penny or old friend … the decision is yours …

 

… Like a bad penny or old friend … the decision is yours …

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clip_image002Codex Alimentarius are international standards, codes of practice, guidelines and other recommendations relating to foods and food production. The Codex texts are developed and maintained by the Codex Alimentarius Commission, a body established in 1963 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO).

Establishing international control of the food supply is a condition precedent to creating a highly centralized digital global currency.

Solari will start with Money & Markets. We will continue our coverage of the debt limits talks and the meaning of the US Treasuries announcement that it will discontinue Exchange Stabilization Fund operations

More at the blog.

http://solari.com/store/the_solari_report/

 

Subject: Tell Sens. McCain and Kyl: It’s crazy to cut Medicare and Social Security

 

… Earlier today I received the email below and quite frankly I blew it off … now I wonder if I was a bit quick on the trigger …

Subject: Tell Sens. McCain and Kyl: It’s crazy to cut Medicare and Social Security

For many years I have attempted to study what motivates either Kyl or McCain and honestly all I see is they react quickly and forcefully only when those with $$$ pull their chain otherwise they become like the 3 monkeys … see nothing … hear nothing … say nothing

Kyl … doesn’t give a damn … he’s not going to run for re-election … he has nothing to gain by supporting Medicare or Social Security  and everything to possibly lose when he takes his new job on “K” Street in DC ….

McCain … only wants to go to war … He married into wealth … frankly i suspect this is his last term … and he too will not vote against those who put him in office … ie … big $$$ …

What’s crazy is to think either one of

them gives a damn about you…

Why are “we” so filled with fear …?

 

clip_image001… Why are “we” so filled with fear …?

… Pick up any newspaper, listen to most any radio station, search the more prominent internet news sites and what you get is a steady diet of FEARbe afraid … be very afraid

Because in every dark doorway … behind every corner … lurks someone who wants to “hurt” you … and if you live in Arizona we can add they are described by “honest” John McCain, Senior U.S. Senator as “migrant”  and who he claims, of course without proof, are also responsible for our two current forest fires.

A plethora of articles are sent daily over the internet requesting they be forwarded asserting America would be better off without “them” … you know the … Muslins or Indians or Iraqis or Chinese or Blacks or Hispanic … though most of their frustration is currently directed to demeaning Muslins as they quickly point out from their perspective Muslins are not “peace-loving” people but barbaric and savage.   Of course, conveniently forgetting to reference the many millennia of “Christian” barbarism.  With their fingers primed and pointed they condemn, the notion of extending an olive branch enters NOT their shallow awareness … blinded by an unstoppable drumming of hate and the need to exclude and make others wrong and bad.

How did we come to this…?

What does it take for us to change this paradigm…?

Is this something we are willing to do…?

These are questions each of us must answer…!