“trickster” is the wily coyote

 

imageFollowing a briefing by a member of the Az. A.G.’s office on Friday – 30 March 12 it became patently clear to me, the “trickster” referenced by many Native Americans flourishes in Arizona.  The “trickster” is the wily coyote finding refuge in what are euphemistically referred to as Arizona Open Meeting Laws.   The essence of these laws beingAll meetings of any public body shall be public meetings and all persons so desiring shall be permitted to attend and listen to the deliberations and proceedings.”  A.R.S. § 38-431.01(A).

“It is the public policy of this state that meetings of public bodies be conducted openly and that notices and agendas be provided for such meetings which contain such information as is reasonable necessary to inform the public of the matters to be discussed or decided.”  A.R.S. § 38-431.09. Like they say, the devil is in the details.   And looking behind the veil one discovers the clarity of intent expressed above is quickly cloaked with a glossary of terms, conditions, situations all designed to thwart the PUBLIC’S ability to easily obtain and participate in these reputed OPEN MEETINGS.   

As one of 15 individuals selected by the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ) to serve as the “public’s” representative on their Onsite Wastewater Advisory Committee (OWAC), I find the means by which the public can be manipulated and excluded from full disclosure and transparency of our actions frightening as well as unconscionable.

I am troubled that as an advisory committee to ADEQ the degree of barricades in place to preclude the PUBLIC from actively participating with full disclosure of all the aspects and nuances discussed as ultimately the advice OWAC provides to ADEQ is promulgated into law which ADEQ expects the PUBLIC to willingly follow. 

The legal requirement to provide the PUBLIC notice via a single agency website and a legal notice posted on a bulletin board at one building in downtown Phoenix a mere 24 hours prior to the OWAC meeting is not only a joke but a slap in the face to the Arizona citizens we are suppose to be serving…!

Is this the best we are capable of…?  

SEPTIC INSPECTION & CERTIFICATION MANDATED BY ADEQ

imageCOMMENTS AND QUESTIONS TO FOLLOW ARE SUBMITTED BY

PAUL F MILLER

ON THE NEWLY PROPOSED SEPTIC INSPECTION & CERTIFICATION MANDATED BY ADEQ SELECTIVLEY PRESENTED AS fait-accompli

BY KITT FARRELL-POE – – JAKE GARRETT – – DAWN LONG …

 

ARIZONA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION…AZ1554 – March 2012- – What You Should Know When You’re Having Your Septic System Inspected for the Transfer of Ownership Program … these proposed changes to follow are authored per my understanding solely by … Kitt Farrell-Poe, Jake Garrett, and Dawn Long

PFM writes . . . Accepting the intention is honorable,  nonetheless, either oblivious or indifferent to a climate where Arizona citizens want more disclosure and transparency, a self-select few within the Arizona Residential On-site Wastewater Industry huddle behind closed doors to draft new rules governing the mandated residential re-sale septic inspection program.

Our newspapers from border to border scream our pent up displeasure with the … “behind closed door antics” of our state legislators.  Voters turn out an “ego-driven” politician.  And the frolics of our “America’s-toughest-sheriff” face increase scrutiny.   Arizona citizens expect an honorable ethic from those we elect and select to serve and to protect us.

I salute the initiative exhibited by Jake Garrett, Kitt Farrell-Poe and Dawn Long as they labored to produce their version now being sold to Arizona as “fait-accompli” respecting Arizona’s mandated residential resale septic inspection program.  I part company and take exception they chose this endeavor without any consideration of providing full disclosure and transparency or inviting PUBLIC participation. 

I note that Mr. Garrett indicates in his email to selected others, their “package” was vetted by outsiders and I would ask where, when, who, how many and what was their input…?

I recall an earlier citizen endeavor  . . Az AdHoc committee . .  fostered through the effort of Joelle Wirth, Jack Bale, Doug Culanane and others with the first gathering taking place in Flagstaff in 1998, laboring for two years attempting to always invite and include the PUBLIC putting forward the first SEPTIC INSPECTION program now being modified by Garrett, Farrell-Poe and Long.  I was unaware changes in ADEQ rule permit others to promulgate, present and incorporate and present as RULE changes they feel are to be immediately enforced …?    Might one of you provide the Arizona Statue or provision in the Az. Admin Code approving such action…?  

 

Your “package” notes … Did you know that in Arizona when you go to sell your house with an onsite wastewater treatment system (septic system), or a property without a dwelling but possessing an onsite system, that you must have it inspected by a qualified Transfer of Ownership Inspector? Did you know that this inspection is required by Arizona law and cannot be waived by the buyer, seller, real estate agents, loaning agency, or title company?  You note on page one of your package Did you know that this inspection is required by Arizona law and cannot  be waived by the buyer, seller, real estate agents, loaning agency, or title company..? Apparently you are unaware or chose to overlook the fact that Banks are every day selling property and valid title is being transferred upon which is installed a residential septic system WITHOUT the mandated septic inspection form you declare is sacrosanct…! 

What are your responsibilities as the buyer, the seller, the real estate agent? How do you know if you have obtained a qualified inspector? This publication will provide useful information on the Transfer of Ownership Inspection for onsite wastewater treatment systems.

 

Aquifer Protection Permit (APP) Program …. All onsite wastewater treatment systems are regulated under the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality’s (ADEQ’s) Aquifer Protection Permit (APP) program as a general permit. In Arizona, you are required to have an Aquifer Protection Permit if you own or operate a facility that discharges a pollutant to the land surface or above a drinking water source. Each home with an onsite system is required to have a valid Aquifer Protection Permit. You should have a permit on file at your county Environmental Health Department. This is the permit that is transferred when a property changes ownership and a completed Notice of Transfer form is filed.

 

Transfer of Ownership Inspection    Arizona’s statewide inspection program for onsite wastewater (septic) treatment facilities began on a limited basis in January 2002 and was fully implemented in July 2006 to include all onsite systems (conventional or alternative) whenever ownership of the property changes. Typically, the transfer of ownership inspection is triggered by selling your home either on your own or with the assistance of a real estate professional. SEE ABOVE INSERTED EXCEPTION The only exception to not having a Transfer of Ownership inspection performed on your property with an onsite wastewater treatment facility is when the system is new and hasn’t been used before selling the house and/or property. This means that unless your septic system wasn’t used before selling your home, you, by Arizona law, have the septic system inspected by a qualified inspector using the State reporting form [http://www.azdeq.gov/environ/water/permits/download/inspection.doc] (or, in the case of Pima County, a county-approved reporting form [http://www.deq.pima.gov/pdf/ ..Water/ReportOfInspection.pdf]).

 

Responsibilities of the Seller …Within six months before the property is to be sold and you are the seller of the property, you are responsible for obtaining a qualified inspector to perform the inspection. You or your agent can find qualified inspectors at the ADEQ website [http://www.azdeq.gov/environ/water/engineering/not.html], the National Association of Wastewater Transporters (NAWT) website [http://www.nawt.org], or your County Environmental Health … I WAS UNAWARE THAT ANY COUNTY ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH DEPT PROVIDED NAMES OF A SPECIFIC SEPITC INSPECTOR …

 

Notice of Transfer Process … Qualified Inspector inspects facility within 6 months before property transfer Inspector completes Report of Inspection and gives to Seller Prior to property transfer, Seller gives Report of Inspection to Buyer with any other facility documentation in Seller’s possession Buyer submits Notice of Transfer form with fee to proper agency within 15 days after date of property transfer

 

The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension …Department (some counties in Arizona maintain a list of inspectors approved in their county). Note: at this time, ADEQ does not maintain a separate list of qualified inspectors, but refers directly to the NAWT website…. INASMUCH AS COUNTY ENVIORNMENTAL HEALTH REGULATORS WOULD FIND THEMSELVES AND THEIR DEPT IN A PRECARIOUS POSITION WERE THEY TO OFFER A SPECIFIC INSPECTOR’S NAME . . THIS IS ESSNETIALLY AN ATTA-BOY FOR NAWT. .  

 

You note in your package Note: at this time, ADEQ does not maintain a separate list of qualified inspectors, but refers directly to the NAWT website.  As I recall it was NEVER intended that NAWT would be the ONLY agent sanctioned by ADEQ qualifying inspectors. 

 

…I am NOT an attorney, though I do believe I have a working understanding of the English language and conclude Mr. Smit in his reply to Mr. Garrett leaves wide open the door that one NEED only take and pass “A” (one – uno) NAWT course and can then perform into perpetuity or until a valid rule change occurs all mandated ADEQ residential septic inspections and certifications…

…Again I am NOT an attorney … but … in as much as Mr. Smit signed the letter to Mr. Garrett in his (Smit’s) official ADEQ capacity and directed Mr. Garrett to note that until ADEQ rule is legally amended the LETTER OF THE RULE stands … I will continue to provide residential septic inspections and certification although I decline to attend the repetitive NAWT training …

…I would also ask … inasmuch as Mr. Smit, again in his official ADEQ capacity responded to Jake and Kitt, I wonder why anyone needs to be on Kitt’s NAWT list as your information alleges to perform the currently mandated residential septic inspection and certification ….. Can either you, Jake or Kitt provide us with the specific reference in current ADEQ rule or Az Admin Code that grants either of you that authority…. ?

 

As the seller, you will receive a completed Report of Inspection from your inspector. This report acts as the full disclosure   THE AUTHORS JUST MIGHT WANT TO REFER TO AN ATTORNY OR DICTIONARY AS THE TERM FULL DISCLOSURE CONNOTATES AN UNDERSTANDING I DO NOT BELIEVE IS CURRENTLY INTENDED IN OUR ADEQ RULE  … for the onsite wastewater treatment system. It does not guarantee compliance with the local building codes and is not a guarantee that the system will work in the future. The inspection and report discloses the conditions at the time of the inspection. You note in your package … The inspection and report discloses the conditions at the time of the inspection … I ask each of the authors of this rule to please put on the “hat” of any buyer and explain to me in simple layman language what I as a BUYER believe I am receiving when I pay $50 for this mandated septic inspection form…?

If the house is not sold within in six months of the inspection, a new inspection is required.

 

Before the closing date of the property, you provide the buyer with the completed report AND any other documents that relate to the permitting, operation, or maintenance of the septic system including septic tank, soil treatment area, or alternative onsite wastewater treatment units.   You note in your package … Before the closing date of the property, you provide the buyer with the completed report AND any other documents that relate to the permitting, operation, or maintenance of the septic system including septic tank, soil treatment area, or alternative onsite wastewater treatment units … How many of these septic inspection reports have you folks read and thoroughly examined as while the litany of factors you write about are, in my opinion absolutely necessary, our current mandated septic inspection process most assuredly does not require that degree of inspection detail … please this is just “feel-good” …!

There is no requirement to share the report with ADEQ or the local county permitting agency. If the property does not sell within the six-month period, then a new inspection will be required. Talk with your inspector to find out their policy of providing the new inspection. There are companies who provide these additional inspections for low or no cost.

 

Responsibilities of the Buyer … Within 15 days of the purchase of the home, the buyer must submit a completed current version of the Notice of Transfer form (ADEQ form GWS 431; http://www.azdeq.gov/environ/water/permits/download/presale.doc) with the required fee (currently $50) to ADEQ or the appropriate county authority (page ii of the form has the instructions for filing the completed form and fee). …   You note in your package …Responsibilities of the Buyer – Within 15 days of the purchase of the home, the buyer must submit a completed current version of the Notice of Transfer … this notice of transfer is now an item usually handled by the escrow agent and becomes just another form signed by the buyer at closing.  Must and not SHALL, come on really…?

This can be accomplished in person, by mail, or online [http://www.azdeq.gov/environ/water/permits/onsitenot.html]. Information from the Report of Inspection form is needed to complete the Notice of Transfer form.

 

Responsibilities of the Real Estate Agent … The real estate agent should assist the seller in obtaining a qualified inspector and making sure that the completed Report of Inspection is provided to the buyer. He/she can facilitate the buyer in filing the required forms. .. You note in your package … Responsibilities of the Real Estate Agent – The real estate agent should assist the seller in obtaining a qualified inspector and making sure that the completed Report of Inspection is provided to the buyer. He/she can facilitate the buyer in filing the required forms … And what is it you define are the RESPONSIBILITIES of the Real Estate Agent … I see should, might, can, maybe … I do not find even one SHALL  which accompany mandated RESPONSIBLITIES.

 

Responsibilities of the Inspector  … The inspector must 1) know about the system that they are inspecting, … You note in your package …  Responsibilities of the Inspector …The inspector must 1) know about the system … I am struck again with weasel word MUST which carries a quite different connotation than SHALL … this is more “feel-good” …

2) hold a certificate of training from an ADEQ-approved course, and 3) hold a current license in one of 5 categories. The inspector should follow standard inspection procedures and must use the most current ADEQ form GWS 432 Report of Inspection of an on-site wastewater treatment facility [http://www.azdeq.gov/environ/water/permits/download/inspection.doc]. He/she must complete the form and provide it to the seller or seller’s representative. The person inspecting the system needs to be a qualified inspector and sign the completed report.

 

How do you know if a person is qualified to perform an inspection?  …. You note in your package … How do you know if a person is qualified to perform an inspection? … Are you honestly stating for the record that having completed the same REPETITIVE course taught by NAWT instructors qualifies anyone to perform the inspection and certification you allude to in your rule…?

 

For one the soil treatment area the NAWT instructors are expert about is to those soils and climatic and systems installed essentially in Minnesota, Wisconsin and America’s Mid-West.    I do NOT profess to be a soils expect, though I am aware the topography, the soil morphology is significantly different in land west of the Rocky Mountains and in Arizona there is a significant difference in topography between Yuma and Alpine/Springerville so also with soils.  What does your proposed inspection form provide to the BUYER relative to the soil treatment area that is of significant benefit…?  What is the specific purpose of this statement…?

 

There are three major steps in qualifying to be an inspector for the Transfer of Ownership Inspection Program:

 

The inspector must have a working knowledge of the type of onsite wastewater treatment facility that they are to inspect. Therefore, it is important that the seller ask questions of the inspector, ask for references, and check the Better Business Bureau. It is difficult to determine if the inspector knows about his/her type of treatment system (not all inspectors know all types of septic systems, especially alternative systems).

 

Questions to ask or procedures to follow as the SELLER

 

(Adapted from the Arizona Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association Templates [http://www.azowra.org]) What are the inspector’s professional qualifications (license, certification, education)?

What is the inspector’s business experience (years, specific experience, factory training, manufacturer training, liability insurance, worker’s compensation)?

 

References (ask for 3 references from customers that have used their services; check with the Better Business Bureau, Chamber of Commerce, Angie’s List (online) for complaints.  Does the inspector or his/her company belong to any professional organizations (Better Business Bureau (BBB), Chamber of Commerce, Arizona Environmental Health Association (AZEHA), AzOWRA, National Wastewater Transporter Association (NAWT))?  WHAT ABOUT REGISTRAR OF CONTRACTORS, BOARD OF TECHNICAL REGISTRATION, NSF, OR OTHER SUCH ORGANIZATIONS…?

 

What services are provided or not provided by the inspector? What will be required of me (the seller) (access, padlocks, fences, power on, water on, dog, landscaping)?

When and under what terms is payment due?

Will you or the inspector be contacting the local County Environmental Health Department to obtain permitting records or will you or the inspector be submitting a statement that there are no records?

What documentation will you and/or the inspector provide to the buyer (photos, reports, sketches, as-built drawings)?

Did the inspector provide a thorough description of the onsite wastewater facility, including photos for documentation?

Has the inspector checked any “unable to locate or unable to find” boxes on the form? If so, were there adequate explanations or descriptions?

If the inspection is older than 6 months of the sale, what provisions will the inspector make (reduced fees, for example)?

The inspector must take an ADEQ-approved course and pass a certification exam. Currently, the only ADEQ-approved course is through National Association of Wastewater Transporters which requires continuing education. (What is not disclosed to the BUYER is the course they take is repeated, again and again and again, repetitive) Therefore, as long as there is only the one course approved for the Transfer of Ownership Inspection training, inspectors must abide by the approved course requirements. To find out if your inspector holds a current certificate, locate his/her name at http://www.nawt.org. … I ASK AGAIN, PLEASE EXPLIAN TO ME HOW TAKING THE SAME NAWT COURSE OVER AND OVER AND OVER AGAIN PROVIDES ASSURANCE TO THE SELLER AND/OR BUYER OF RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY IN ARIZONA UPON WHICH IS INSTALLED ANY APPROVED FORM OF SEPTIC SYSTEM. . . ASSURES THEM OF WHAT. . ?????

 

3. The inspector must be licensed in at least one of the

following categories:

a. Arizona-registered engineer (to check current

registration status: http://www.btr.state.az.us/ >>

Professional Registrant)

 

b. Arizona-registered sanitarian (to check Arizona’s

registered sanitarians in good standing: http://www.

azdhs.gov/phs/oeh/rs/pdf/sanreg.pdf)

 

c. An owner of a vehicle licensed under ADEQ rules to

pump or haul septage (or an employee of the person

holding the license), sometimes known as a pumper

(to check for ADEQ-approved septic haulers: http://

http://www.azdeq.gov/environ/water/engineering/not.html

>> List of Approved Septic Haulers) … AS THERE ARE LIMITATIONS IN THIS CATEGORY WHY ARE THEY NOT LISTED TO MAKE SELLER/BUYERS AWARE …

 

d. Arizona-registered contractor with one or more of the

following licenses: A, A-12, B-4, C-41, KA, K-41, and/or

L-41 (to check current registration status: http://www.

azroc.gov/forms/contractorsearch.html)

 

e. Arizona-certified wastewater treatment plant operator

(to check if current certified operator: http://www.

azdeq.gov/databases/opcertsearch.html )

 

Remember, all inspectors need to have taken an ADEQ-approved course. Currently, only the National Association of Wastewater Transporters provides ADEQ-approved courses. A database of current trained inspectors is found at the NAWT website [http://www.nawt.org]….. I ASK AGAIN, PLEASE EXPLIAN TO ME HOW TAKING THE SAME NAWT OVER AND OVER AND OVER AGAIN PROVIDES ASSURANE TO THE SELLER AND BUYER OF RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY IN ARIZONA UPON WHICH IS INSTALLED ANY APPROVED FORM OF SEPTIC SYSTEM . . . ASSURES THEM OF WHAT. . .?????

 

 

What should you expect from a Transfer of Ownership inspection?

 

Once you arrange to have your inspection performed, the inspector may contact you regarding permitting, operating, and maintenance documentation – or he/she may not. The permitting documentation is public record. The operating and maintenance documentation may be submitted by the seller separately to the buyer.

 

You should expect your inspector to contact your County Environmental Health Department and obtain any records for your wastewater system or include a statement from the county that there are no records on file.

 

You should expect to have your septic tank lid removed…. Realtors and many potential inspectors argued against making this inspection/certification process costly … Now you are noting there is an EXPECTATION the lid to every septic tank will be removed … HELLO … It is highly recommended that this is done. It is very difficult to see into the corners and bottom of the tank and underside of the lid without removing the lid. A thorough inspection of the tank integrity is important to protecting our groundwater resources and your    soil treatment system.    While, I personally like this term, can you show me where it is currently used in ADEQ rule … this has all the earmarks of someone’s agenda ..?    We don’t want sewage escaping into the surrounding soil,     (BUT OUR CURRENT ADEQ RULE DOES NOT DEMAND ONSITE WATER TESTING OF EVERY NEW SEPTIC TANK INSTALLED AND YOU NOTE TANK INTEGRITY … HELLO)    and we don’t want groundwater going into the tank and then into the soil treatment area – that adds way too much water to your soil treatment system.

 

You should expect to have your septic tank pumped. Pumping all the materials out of the septic tank allows the inspector to look at the integrity of the tank (see if there are any cracks, exposed rebar, damaged baffles, and signs of overuse).

There are only three reasons that you wouldn’t have your septic tank pumped as part of your inspection:

 

1. If the onsite wastewater treatment system was put into service within the last year (i.e., it is a brand new system, less than a year old) (keep in mind that you can still have the septic tank pumped to prove to the buyer that the tank is in good repair);

 

2. Because of the manufacturer’s written operation and maintenance instructions; and

 

3. No accumulation of floating and settled waste was present in the septic tank.  There are a number of factors and conditions which might cause there to be no floatables or settled waste … so how to you expect the inspector to make a thorough evaluation of the condition of this tankage . . .

 

You should expect to have your soil treatment area inspected for ponding and spongy or damp soil surfaces over the distribution lines. Many times the inspector will send a camera into the distribution lines to see if there are any obstructions, blockages, roots, or cracks.

 

Your final Report of Inspection should include a scale drawing of your system as it is installed on your property (sometimes called an “as-built”). This drawing should include the treatment tanks and equipment, the primary dispersal area, and the reserve dispersal area. Your report should be signed by the person who performed the inspection, not his or her boss, supervisor, or colleague.

 

Questions to ask or procedures to follow as the BUYER

 

(Adapted from Arizona Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association

Templates [http://www.azowra.org])

 

. Did the seller retain a qualified inspector?

. Was the septic tank pumped?

. Did the inspector use the required form (ADEQ form GWS 432) & was it the most current version (see http://www.azdeq.gov/environ/water/permits/download/inspection.pdf)

. Did you receive all the documentation for the septic system (permitting, operation, maintenance records) or receive a statement from the County Environmental Health Department that there are no records?

. Did you receive a scale drawing of the wastewater system showing the location of the treatment tanks and equipment, the primary dispersal area, and the reserve dispersal area?

. Were any repairs recommended?

. Were there explanations for any items marked as “not determined” or “unable to find”?

 

Your system will be listed as “Functional,” “Functional with Concerns,” or “Not Functional.” Note that there is no “passing” or “not passing” an inspection. If repairs are recommended in the Report of Inspection, you will not need to have them done before the inspection report is completed. Any decisions to have repairs completed on the onsite system are between the buyer and the seller (not the inspector). …    (AS THE CURRENT OFFICIAL ADEQ FORM DOES NOT REQUIRE ANY EXCAVATION OF ANY NATURE HOW CAN YOU PROPOSE THE BUYER IS FULLY INFORMED)     It should be noted that the buyer, through receiving the report, has now been fully informed regarding the operational status of the system being transferred and therefore assumes full responsibility should problems arise in the future.

 

Do all onsite wastewater systems involved in a transfer of ownership transaction need an inspection?   Apparently you are unaware or chose to overlook the fact that Banks are every day selling property and valid title is being transferred upon which is installed a residential septic system WITHOUT the mandated septic inspection form you declare is sacrosanct…! 

 

 

Yes, WITH one exception. If ADEQ or a Delegated County Environmental Health Department has issued a Discharge Authorization for the onsite system but the system was not used before the property was transferred, a transfer of ownership inspection is not required. BUT the new owner will still need to submit a Notice of Transfer form. For example, if you are buying property and/or home with an onsite wastewater treatment system from a builder and the onsite system was not put into service, the builder does not have to have a transfer of ownership inspection prior to the sale, but you will have to file a Notice of Transfer form and fee.

 

What should you do if the Transfer of Ownership process isn’t followed?

 

All homes with onsite wastewater treatment systems are required to be inspected prior to the house being sold unless the system wasn’t used before the property was transferred (see information above). No one can waive their responsibility for having the property inspected. The buyer is subject to fines if the Notice of Transfer is not completed. ADEQ is responsible for setting the fines and penalties.

 

If you suspect that your onsite wastewater treatment system was not properly inspected, contact both your county environmental health office and your real estate agent to let them know.

 

Summary     The Transfer of Ownership Inspection Program is designed to provide full disclosure on the functionality of the septic system at the time of the inspection. … (WOULD  ONE  OF  YOU  DEFINE  WHAT YOU  MEAN  WITH  YOUR  PHRASE … FULL  DISCLOSURE  ON  THE FUNCTIONALITY  OF  THE  SEPTIC) ….  The seller of the property hires a qualified inspector within six months of selling the house. The inspector inspects the entire septic system, including looking into the septic tank, and submits a signed Report of Inspection (a State form) to the seller. The seller then provides the report to the buyer along with any other maintenance or manufacturer documentation. Within fifteen days of the sale of the property, the buyer submits the Notice of Transfer to the State.

//////////////////////////////

ARIZONA COOPERATIVEE EXTENSION THE UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND LIFE SCIENCES

The University of Arizona

College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

Tucson, Arizona 85721

Kitt Farrell-Poe

Water Quality Specialist

Jake Garrett

Gila County Environmental Health Department Director

Dawn Long

CEO American Septic Service

Contact:

Kitt Farrell-Poe

kittfp@cals.arizona.edu

This information has been reviewed by University faculty.cals.arizona.edu/pubs/water/az1554.pdfOther titles from Arizona Cooperative Extension can be found at:cals.arizona.edu/pubs

 

Any products, services or organizations that are mentioned, shown or indirectly implied in this publication do not imply endorsement by The University of Arizona.

 

Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Jeffrey C. Silvertooth, Associate Dean & Director, Economic Development & Extension, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, The University of Arizona.

 

The University of Arizona is an equal opportunity, affirmative action institution. The University does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability, veteran status, or sexual orientation in its programs and activities.

SCHOOL SUCKS

… For another perspective read … Dumbing Us Down … by John Taylor Gatto …

 

 

SCHOOL SUCKS: The American Way

04-13-2012  •  www.youtube.com 

Don’t let the title fool you. This video is actually about how government-run schooling contributed to the rise of socialism, imperialism and eventually fascism in Germany between the 1890s and 1940s.

 

A Weekend with John Taylor Gatto (VIDEOS)
04-13-2012  •  www.youtube.com 
Gatto argues that educational strategies promoted by government and industry leaders for over a century included the creation of a system that keeps real power in the hands of very few people

And what…? You actually expected a Rupert Murdoch owned publication to provide full disclosure to you…?

And what…?   You actually expected a Rupert Murdoch owned publication to provide full disclosure to you…?

 

New York Post Hyped Fracking Over 20 Times Since January 2011, Rarely Mentions Risks

 

The New York Post, the New York-based daily newspaper run by Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp., has published 21 opinion pieces on the controversial process of natural gas extraction called hydraulic fracturing (or ‘fracking’) since January 1, 2011.* Many of the op-eds on fracking attack Gov. Andrew Cuomo (D) or "enviro-radicals" for not acting faster to cash in on the economic benefits associated with domestic drilling. In addition, the Post almost always fails to acknowledge the health and environmental risks associated with fracking — when it does, it immediately dismisses the dangers, despite ample evidence to the contrary. For example:    

Read more clip_image001

By Salvatore Colleluori | Media Matters for America 
Posted on Friday, April 13, 2012 @ 03:05 PM

 

Happy April 15th

 IF TRUE HERE’S … 24 Facts About Taxes In The United States, That Will Blow Your Mind … investigate and decide …

 

April 12, 2012 … http://govtslaves.info/24-facts-about-taxes-in-the-united-states-that-will-blow-your-mind/#print

The U.S. tax code is a complete and utter abomination and it needs to be thrown out entirely.  Nobody in their right mind would ever read the whole thing – it is over 3 million words long.  Each year, Americans spend billions of hours and hundreds of billions of dollars trying to comply with federal tax requirements.

Sadly, it is the honest, hard working Americans in the middle class that always get hit the hardest.  The tax code is absolutely riddled with loopholes that big corporations and the ultra-wealthy use to minimize their tax burdens as much as possible.  Many poor people do not pay any income taxes at all.

The dishonest are rewarded for cheating on their taxes (if they can get away with it) and the ultra-wealthy have moved trillions of dollars to offshore tax havens where they can avoid U.S. taxation altogether.  Our system is incredibly unfair to the millions of hard working people in the middle class and upper middle class that drag themselves out of bed and go to work each day and try to do the right thing.

In addition, the current U.S. tax system is incredibly inefficient, it diverts a tremendous amount of resources away from more valuable economic activities, and it has chased thousands of businesses and trillions of dollars out of the United States.

The U.S. tax code is such a complete and utter mess at this point that it can never be “fixed”.  The only rational thing to do is to abolish it completely, and any politician that tells you otherwise is lying to you.

The following are 24 outrageous facts about taxes in the United States that will blow your mind….

1 – The U.S. tax code is now 3.8 million words long.  If you took all of William Shakespeare’s works and collected them together, the entire collection would only be about 900,000 words long.

2 – According to the National Taxpayers Union, U.S. taxpayers spend more than 7.6 billion hours complying with federal tax requirements.  Imagine what our society would look like if all that time was spent on more economically profitable activities.

3 – 75 years ago, the instructions for Form 1040 were two pages long.  Today, they are 189 pages long.

4 – There have been 4,428 changes to the tax code over the last decade.  It is incredibly costly to change tax software, tax manuals and tax instruction booklets for all of those changes.

5 – According to the National Taxpayers Union, the IRS currently has 1,999different publications, forms, and instruction sheets that you can download from the IRS website.

6 – Our tax system has become so complicated that it is almost impossible to file your taxes correctly.  For example, back in 1998 Money Magazine had 46 different tax professionals complete a tax return for a hypothetical household.  All 46 of them came up with a different result.

7 – In 2009, PC World had five of the most popular tax preparation software websites prepare a tax return for a hypothetical household.  All five of them came up with a different result.

8 – The IRS spends $2.45 for every $100 that it collects in taxes.

9 – According to The Tax Foundation, the average American has to work until April 17th just to pay federal, state, and local taxes.  Back in 1900, “Tax Freedom Day” came on January 22nd.

10 – When the U.S. government first implemented a personal income tax back in 1913, the vast majority of the population paid a rate of just 1 percent, and the highest marginal tax rate was just 7 percent.

11 – Residents of New Jersey pay $1.64 in taxes for every $1.00 of federal spending that they get back.

12 – The United States is the only nation on the planet that tries to tax citizens on what they earn in foreign countries.

13 – According to Forbes, the 400 highest earning Americans pay an average federal income tax rate of just 18 percent.

14 – Warren Buffett had an effective tax rate of just 17.4 percent for 2010.

15 – The top 20 percent of all income earners in the United States payapproximately 86 percent of all federal income taxes.

16 – Sadly, as Bill Whittle has shown, you could take every single pennythat every American earns above $250,000 and it would only fund about 38 percent of the federal budget.

17 – The United States has the highest corporate tax rate in the world (35 percent).  In Ireland, the corporate tax rate is only 12.5 percent.  This is causing thousands of corporations to move operations out of the United States and into other countries.

18 – Some tax havens are doing a booming business in setting up sham headquarters for U.S. corporations.  For example, the city of Zug, Switzerland only has a population of 26,000 people but it is the headquarters for 30,000 companies.

19 – In 1950, corporate taxes accounted for about 30 percent of all federal revenue.  In 2012, corporate taxes will account for less than 7 percent of all federal revenue.

20 – In a previous article, I discussed how many of our largest corporations make huge profits and yet pay less than nothing in taxes….

What U.S. corporations are able to get away with is absolutely amazing.

The following figures come directly out of a report by Citizens for Tax Justice.  These are combined figures for the tax years 2008, 2009 and 2010.

During those three years, all of the corporations below made a lot of money.  Yet all of them paid net taxes that were below zero for those three years combined.

How is that possible?  Well, it turns out that instead of paying in taxes to the federal government, they were actually getting money back.

So for these corporations, their rate of taxation was actually below zero.

If you have not seen these before, you are going to have a hard time believing some of these statistics…..

*Honeywell*

Profits: $4.9 billion

Taxes: -$34 million

*Fed Ex*

Profits: $3 billion

Taxes: -$23 million

*Wells Fargo*

Profits: $49.37 billion

Taxes: -$681 million

*Boeing*

Profits: $9.7 billion

Taxes: -$178 million

*Verizon*

Profits: $32.5 billion

Taxes: -$951 million

*Dupont*

Profits: $2.1 billion

Taxes -$72 million

*American Electric Power*

Profits: $5.89 billion

Taxes -$545 million

*General Electric*

Profits: $7.7 billion

Taxes: -$4.7 billion

Are you starting to get the picture?

 

21 – Exxon-Mobil paid $15 billion in taxes in 2009, but not a single penny went to the U.S. government.

22 – Many wealthy Americans hide enormous amounts of money outside the country in order to avoid paying taxes.  According to the IMF, a total of 18 trillion dollars is currently being hidden in offshore banks.

23 – The number of traffic accidents spikes each year right around April 15th.  The following is from a recent Bloomberg article….

Deaths from traffic accidents around April 15, traditionally the last day to file individual income taxes in the U.S., rose 6 percent on average on each of the last 30 years of tax filing days compared with a day during the week prior and a week later, according to research published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

24 – Most of the tax debate is focused on income taxes, but the truth is that Americans pay dozens of other taxes every single year.  The following are just a few of the taxes that many Americans pay….

#1 Building Permit Taxes

#2 Capital Gains Taxes

#3 Cigarette Taxes

#4 Court Fines (indirect taxes)

#5 Dog License Taxes

#6 Federal Unemployment Taxes

#7 Fishing License Taxes

#8 Food License Taxes

#9 Gasoline Taxes

#10 Gift Taxes

#11 Hunting License Taxes

#12 Inheritance Taxes

#13 Inventory Taxes

#14 IRS Interest Charges (tax on top of tax)

#15 IRS Penalties (tax on top of tax)

#16 Liquor Taxes

#17 Luxury Taxes

#18 Marriage License Taxes

#19 Medicare Taxes

#20 Property Taxes

#21 Recreational Vehicle Taxes

#22 Toll Booth Taxes

#23 Sales Taxes

#24 Self-Employment Taxes

#25 School Taxes

#26 Septic Permit Taxes

#27 Service Charge Taxes

#28 Social Security Taxes

#29 State Unemployment Taxes (SUTA)

#30 Telephone Federal Excise Taxes

#31 Telephone Federal Universal Service Fee Taxes

#32 Telephone Minimum Usage Surcharge Taxes

#33 Telephone State And Local Taxes

#34 Tire Taxes

#35 Toll Bridge Taxes

#36 Toll Tunnel Taxes

#37 Traffic Fines (indirect taxation)

#38 Utility Taxes

#39 Vehicle License Registration Taxes

#40 Vehicle Sales Taxes

#41 Workers Compensation Taxes

When you account for all forms of taxation on the federal, state and local levels there are many Americans that pay out more than half of their incomes in taxes.

We are being taxed into oblivion, and yet most Americans do not even realize that it is happening.

It is kind of like being killed by thousands of tiny cuts.

So what do all of these taxes buy us?

They buy us a massively bloated government that wastes money on some of the craziest things imaginable.

Millions of Americans work for the federal government, and yet most of them produce very little of real economic value.  The following comes from a recentNational Review article….

By 2005, the federal government employed 14.6 million people: 1.9 million civil servants, 770,000 postal workers, 1.44 million uniformed service personnel, 7.6 million contractors, and 2.9 million grantees. This amounted to a ratio of five and a half “shadow” government employees for every civil servant on the federal payroll. Since 1999, the government had grown by over 4.5 million employees.

According to that same article, when you add in state and local government workers the numbers are even more dramatic….

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, there are 3.8 million full-time and 1.5 million part-time employees on state payrolls. Local governments add a further 11 million full-time and 3.2 million part-time personnel. This means that state and local governments combined employ 19.5 million Americans.

Yes, we do need some government.  For example, without any law enforcement at all our society would descend into complete chaos, and without any military at all we would be completely open to foreign conquest.

In order to have a stable, secure society we do need some government.

However, we definitely do not need the massively bloated government that we have today.

The truth is that most government employees are a drain on the system.  Most of them just push paper around.  I used to work in Washington D.C. so I know what pushing paper around is all about.

And as I wrote about yesterday, there are millions of other Americans that enjoy a comfortable existence at the expense of the federal government without doing any work whatsoever.

Of course the biggest welfare recipients of all are the big corporations.  All forms of corporate welfare should be eliminated immediately.

When are U.S. taxpayers going to get sick and tired of paying for all of this?

Every single year, the federal government, state governments and local governments drain massive amounts of desperately needed money from hard working middle class families.

Then they take that money and spend it on incredibly foolish things.

When are American voters going to stand up and boldly declare that they have been taxed enough already and they aren’t going to take it anymore?

The current tax code is completely and utterly broken and it is beyond repair.

Unfortunately, neither the Republicans or the Democrats are proposing that we should get rid of it.

So we are just going to continue to get more of the same year after year, and it is the middle class that will feel the pain.

Source

 

“hang’em high”

IF … true and it can be proven in open court … then “hang’em high” … I would have no problem pulling the handle…

 

 

Explosive: Monsanto ‘Knowingly Poisoned Workers’ Causing Devastating Birth Defects

04-13-2012  •  http://wakeup-world.com, By Anthony Gucciardi

In a developing news piece just unleashed by a courthouse news wire, Monsanto is being brought to court by dozens of Argentinean tobacco farmers who say that the biotech giant knowingly poisoned them with herbicides and pesticides and subsequently …

Remember the “elite” and “corporatist” work and fund both $ide$ of all War$ … their allegiance is $olely to their pocket book

… Remember the “elite” and “corporatist” work and fund both $ide$ of all War$ … their allegiance is $olely to their pocket book …

 

War on Iran: America’s Next Catastrophe in the Middle East?

Emanuel Stoakes, Truthout: "Little has been said about how a war with Iran – at present seemingly urged into near outbreak by Binyamin Netanyahu and the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) – could be averted, with the Islamic Republic’s nuclear program completely halted in 2003. We can thank the architects of the Iraq war for rejecting this wasted opportunity … Also underreported have been statements made by former senior figures at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) alleging ‘pro-western bias, over-reliance on unverified intelligence’ at the organization."

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