…This appears to presuppose “we” are willing to forego living and building in those areas where “dry-land” farming has the greatest opportunity for success…frankly I do not see America being that compliant at this point…

 

Farming Without Water? Age-Old Techniques Are Making a Comeback

 

While dry farming has geographic limitations, it could pave the way for more coastal agriculture and offer techniques for farmers in dryer areas to farm with less water.

August 22, 2012  CUESA / By Brie Mazurek

As the nation grapples with the worst drought in decades, the USDA added more than 218 counties to its list of natural disaster areas, bringing the total to 1,584—more than half of all US counties. Farmers in the Midwest and Great Plains have been the hardest hit, but the drought is a growing reality for farmers across the country, including California. While the Secretary of Agriculture won’t comment on the drought’s link to climate change, it’s at the forefront of everyone’s mind, and as global warming unfolds, knowledge of dryland agriculture will become increasingly valuable.

 

David Little of Little Organic Farm has had to adapt to water scarcity in Marin and Sonoma Counties, where most farmers and ranchers rely on their own reservoirs, wells, and springs, making them particularly vulnerable in years with light rainfall. Through a technique known as dry farming, Little’s potatoes and squash receive no irrigation, getting all of their water from the soil.

Mediterranean grape and olive growers have dry-farmed for thousands of years. The practice was common on the California coast from the 1800s through the early 20th century, but it became a lost art during the mid-century. Today, it is experiencing a modest resurgence along the coast, where temperate, foggy summers offer ideal conditions for dry farming grapes, tomatoes, potatoes, cucumbers, melons, grains, and some tree fruit.

“In the beginning, I searched out people who were known dry-farmers,” says Little, who started in farming in 1995. “It seemed like no one had done it for 30 years or so, and then it wasn’t done much.”

To find mentors, Little made the rounds at local bars, asking older farmers about their experiences. “They were very humble,” he says. “They told stories about how things were done, and I would pick up tidbits.” After years of trial and error, he now considers himself an expert.

To help people understand how dry farming works, Little often evokes the image of a wet sponge covered with cellophane. Following winter and spring rains, soil is cultivated to break it up and create a moist “sponge,” then the top layer is compacted using a roller to form a dry crust (the “cellophane”). This three- to four-inch layer, sometimes referred to as a dust mulch, seals in water and prevents evaporation.

“It’s very challenging because you have to hold the moisture for long periods of time, and you don’t know how different crops are going to react in different areas,” Little says. Much of the land he farms is rolling hills and valleys, which present additional challenges because they hold and move groundwater differently than flat land.

Deprived of any surface irrigation besides the coastal fog, dry-farmed plants develop deep, robust roots to seek out and soak up soil moisture. Because they absorb less water than their conventionally irrigated counterparts, dry-farmed crops are characteristically smaller but more nutrient-dense and flavorful.

“When you water a tree, it dilutes the flavor a lot in some cases,” says Stan Devoto, who dry-farms more than 50 varieties of heirloom apples at Devoto Gardens. “Instead of having a really hard, crisp, firm texture, your apple will be two or three times the size of a dry-farmed apple, and you just don’t get the flavor.”

Devoto has been dry-farming in Sebastopol since the 1970s. “We had no choice,” he says. “There’s just not enough water in West [Sonoma] County to water orchards. Pretty much all the orchards are dry-farmed, with the exception of the orchards where trees are planted super close or use dwarf rootstock.”

Having wide orchard rows, which allow tree roots to spread out, is essential for dry-farming apples, as is thinning (removing much of the fruit early in its development) to ensure that each apple gets as much water as possible. In dryer years (like this one), Devoto must work extra hard to control weeds, which drink water needed by thirsty trees. As the summer progresses, the ground slowly dries out, stressing out the fruits as they ripen, which helps the sugars become more concentrated.

But while water conservation and intensely flavorful crops are the clear benefits of dry farming, the major tradeoff is yield. Devoto says that apple growers in West Sonoma County, which was once home to a booming apple industry, only get about 12 tons per acre, compared to 30 to 40 tons produced by large apple farms in the Central Valley.

Similarly, Joe Schirmer of Dirty Girl Produce says that his famous dry-farmed Early Girl tomatoes sometimes yield only about a third of what their irrigated counterparts produce. Meanwhile, Little estimates that he gets about a quarter to a third the yield of large organic potato growers. “It it’s hard to compete with some of these big organic farms that are watering,” he says.

Without irrigation, his crops are at the mercy of seasonal rainfall and varying soil conditions from year to year. “You’re on the edge constantly, and one little thing could tip you over,” Little reflects. “We’re barely making it, really, but I believe in coastal farming. I believe we’re going to come back to it.”

While dry farming has geographic limitations, it could pave the way for more coastal agriculture and offer techniques for farmers in dryer areas to farm with less water. “The coast of California used to be our main source of food in the state, until they started developing farms in the Central Valley because of all the water,” Little continues. “Now they’re running out of water.”

Devoto’s Gravenstein apples, an early-season heirloom variety that represents Sonoma County’s agricultural heritage, return to the Ferry Plaza Farmers Market this week. “Apples grown in the West County may not be picture-perfect or super large,” Devoto notes. “But the flavor is just phenomenal.”

 

… And “we” need to have a tank have this ability for what peaceful purpose… ?

 

Video: DARPA’s New Amphibious Tank Prototype Drives On Water

08-23-2012  •  http://www.popsci.com, By Clay Dillow

DARPA’s Tactically Expandable Maritime Platform (TEMP) program is a wide-ranging effort to pack standard ISO shipping containers with technologies that can assist during humanitarian disasters or aid military in solving other unconventional, internat

For another perspective check out … Crossing the Rubicon by Michael C.  Ruppert …   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Ruppert

 

CIA “Manages” Drug Trade, Mexican Official Says

08-24-2012  •  InfoWars

Some of the most prominent officials to level charges of CIA drug trafficking include the former head of the DEA, Robert Bonner. who accused the CIA of unlawfully importing a ton of cocaine into the US in collaboration with the Venezuelan government

 

… I believe if I were Samsung I, too would challenge this verdict … trial in Apples’ back yard with a friendly jury … how about the next trial taking place in South Korea …

 

Apple Patent Victory Could Have Broad Implications for Mobile Industry

 

In a big legal victory for Apple that could have broad implications for the mobile business, a jury awarded the company more than $1 billion in damages Friday after finding that Samsung infringed on a series of Apple patents on smartphones and tablet computers.

 

The verdict could have a major impact on Android, the Google operating system used by Samsung and many other companies in their devices. Apple’s suit against Samsung, the world’s largest maker of smartphones, has partly been viewed as a proxy war against Google, which Apple executives have derided as a copycat.

 

A nine-person jury sided with Apple on most of its allegations, including patent claims involving the “bounce back” effect when a user scrolls to the end of a list, the pinch-to-zoom gesture that users make when they want to magnify an image, and the physical design of the iPhone.

 

The jury added some sting by finding in favor of Apple across the board in a countersuit by Samsung.

 

Read More:

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/25/technology/jury-reaches-decision-in-apple-samsung-patent-trial.html?emc=na

 

… HEY THEY ARE ONLY NATIVE AMERICANS AND OUR LEGACY WITH THEM IS THAT WE NEVER CHOOSE TO HONOR ANY TREATY OR DEAL WITH THEM SO WHY START NOW …

 

 

clip_image002Goshute Tribes Fight for Water Rights in Face of 300-Mile Pipeline to Vegas

 

The clock is ticking on the 60-day review period for the environmental assessment report on a controversial water pipeline along the Nevada-Utah border that the Goshute Confederated Tribes say would draw down their own water supplies and impede economic development as well as compromise sacred sites.

The eight-foot-diameter pipeline would carry water 300 miles from eastern Nevada to Las Vegas, pumping about 84,000 acre-feet of water annually from Goshute and other tribal lands.

The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) released a 5,000-page environmental-assessment report on August 3 that recommended the pipeline, a project of the Southern Nevada Water Authority (SNWA), be built. The 60-day so-called availability period for the $15.5 billion project began after a comment period during which the Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Indian Reservation (CTGR) argued vociferously against the plan.

“They’re going to let Las Vegas steal our water, build a pipeline that’s over 300 miles long and eight feet wide, and decimate our people,” CTGR Chairman Ed Naranjo said in a statement quoted by the Associated Press. “We will not go away and will take all actions necessary to stop this attempt to take our water. Water is life to us, [and] if the federal government takes it away, we will cease to be a people.”

An acre-foot, a unit of measure used in water-resource management, is the volume that would be contained in an area measuring one foot by 66 feet by 660 feet, the annual equivalent of average suburban usage. According to The Salt Lake Tribune, the environmental impact statement lays out a plan for “263 miles of water pipeline, 230 miles of overhead power lines, six electrical substations, two pumping stations, a 40-million-gallon storage reservoir and a 165-million-gallon water-treatment facility.”

Although the environmental impact statement does not appear to okay pumping groundwater from Snake Valley, which lies directly underneath Goshute lands, opponents worry that draining water from the four valleys that do have approval—Spring, Cave, Dry Lake and Delmar—would also reduce levels in the Snake Valley aquifer. In addition, that valley is not ruled out for future applications, The Salt Lake Tribune reported.

“The BLM is shoving this massive and reckless project down the throats of Indian tribes despite the fact that the federal government has a trust responsibility to preserve and protect all Indian tribal trust assets, which definitely includes water,” said CTGR Vice Chair Madeline Greymountain to the AP.

On another front, the Goshute are working to secure water rights so as to attract development on their lands. To this end they signed a memorandum of understanding with Utah Governor Gary Herbert at the state’s seventh annual Native American Summit, held from August 14 and 15 in Salt Lake City. The tribes are looking not only to preserve their water but also to create an economic development base for the 500 members who live on the reservation, about 110,000 acres of which lie on the Utah side of the border, according to The Salt Lake Tribune. The BLM’s final decision is due in October.

From an environmental standpoint, the Goshute say that SNWA’s claims that pumping that much water out from under eastern Nevada’s desert valleys won’t harm people or wildlife are unsound.

“Independent hydrologists contend that mining and exporting so much water will cause major environmental degradation and destroy the livelihoods of rural residents and tribal communities in eastern Nevada and western Utah,” the Goshute Tribe contends on its website. “The area affected by the massive pumping proposal is home to National Wildlife Refuges in Nevada and Utah, state wildlife management areas, Great Basin National Park, Native American communities and dozens of agricultural communities who have been living within the constraints of the regions’ limited water supplies for over a century.”

Read more:http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2012/08/20/goshute-tribes-fight-for-water-rights-in-face-of-300-mile-pipeline-to-vegas-130218 http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2012/08/20/goshute-tribes-fight-for-water-rights-in-face-of-300-mile-pipeline-to-vegas-130218#ixzz24ULkDwCX

… I am not sure this is a fact but it most assuredly is worth checking out … Yes, I know our government lies to us and frequently …

 

clip_image001We’re all being lied to about West Nile virus. The CDC’s fear mongering propaganda machine has kicked into high gear yet again, trying to scare us all into accepting aerial spraying of deadly chemicals across high-density population areas.

Journalist Jon Rappoport exposes the real story behind the CDC’s latest deception:
http://www.naturalnews.com/036935_West_Nile_virus_CDC_disease_mongering.html

 

“Sieg Heil”

clip_image002… Just getting us prepared for what … military coup … “Sieg Heil” …

 

Disneyland acclimates Americans to troops on streets


08-22-2012   http://www.libertyfight.com

Disneyland, billed by some as "the happiest place on earth" is subliminally acclimating Americans to having troops patrol the streets. Located in Anaheim California, a focus of local protests since police shot three people in one month, the corporate behemoth marches out green Army men every day to interact with the kids in Disney’s California Adventure Park. The parades, launched under the pretext of a nearly twenty year old movie "Toy Story", occur multiple times daily. The green Army characters march about, drive down the streets in their Army vehicle, play drums and interact with children along the route. 

 

Toy Story, the 1995 animated film released by Walt Disney pictures, featured a number of characters including the army men and inspired two sequels, Toy Story 2 (1999) and Toy Story 3 (2010).

There are plenty of recent examples of military troops being deployed onto U.S. streets violating Posse Comitatus, generally sold under the pretextof "helping the public":

"Don’t Be Alarmed": Army Trains MPs To Drive Tanks On U.S. Streets 6/22/12 Media Promotes Troops On Streets to "Cut Down on Crime" 6/25/12Americans Acclimated to Presence of Military on the Streets


The Army Reserve is taking to the roads in Sheboygan County, Wisconsin. Military Rolls Tanks Onto St. Louis Streets…But Why?

 
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