Biggs is Arizona’s TPOADY and we must like him as we have elected him to several state positions … so what does that say about us…???

clip_image002…Biggs is Arizona’s TPOADY and we must like him as we have elected him to several state positions … so what does that say about us…???

The most applicable adage… Just follow the $$$$$…!!!

clip_image002…The most applicable adage… Just follow the $$$$$...!!!

An assessment that likely most Americans will reject out of hamd … but…???

image...An assessment that likely most Americans will reject out of hamd … but…???

What Explains U.S. Mass Shootings? International Comparisons Suggest an Answer ….The Interpreter …By MAX FISHER and JOSH KELLER NOV. 7, 2017  Continue reading the main storyShare This Page

 

When the world looks at the United States, it sees a land of exceptions: a time-tested if noisy democracy, a crusader in foreign policy, an exporter of beloved music and film.

But there is one quirk that consistently puzzles America’s fans and critics alike. Why, they ask, does it experience so many mass shootings?

Perhaps, some speculate, it is because American society is unusually violent. Or its racial divisions have frayed the bonds of society. Or its citizens lack proper mental care under a health care system that draws frequent derision abroad.

These explanations share one thing in common: Though seemingly sensible, all have been debunked by research on shootings elsewhere in the world. Instead, an ever-growing body of research consistently reaches the same conclusion.

The only variable that can explain the high rate of mass shootings in America is its astronomical number of guns.

What Explains Mass Shootings

The top-line numbers suggest a correlation that, on further investigation, grows only clearer.

Americans make up about 4.4 percent of the global population but own 42 percent of the world’s guns. From 1966 to 2012, 31 percent of the gunmen in mass shootings worldwide were American, according to a 2015 study by Adam Lankford, a professor at the University of Alabama.

Adjusted for population, only Yemen has a higher rate of mass shootings among countries with more than 10 million people — a distinction Mr. Lankford urged to avoid outliers. Yemen has the world’s second-highest rate of gun ownership after the United States.

Worldwide, Mr. Lankford found, a country’s rate of gun ownership correlated with the odds it would experience a mass shooting. This relationship held even when he excluded the United States, indicating that it could not be explained by some other factor particular to his home country. And it held when he controlled for homicide rates, suggesting that mass shootings were better explained by a society’s access to guns than by its baseline level of violence.

What Doesn’t: Crime, Race or Mental Health

If mental health made the difference, then data would show that Americans have more mental health problems than do people in other countries with fewer mass shootings. But the mental health care spending rate in the United States, the number of mental health professionals per capita and the rate of severe mental disorders are all in line with those of other wealthy countries.

A 2015 study estimated that only 4 percent of American gun deaths could be attributed to mental health issues. And Mr. Lankford, in an email, said countries with high suicide rates tended to have low rates of mass shootings — the opposite of what you would expect if mental health problems correlated with mass shootings.

Whether a population plays more or fewer video games also appears to have no impact. Americans are no more likely to play video games than people in any other developed country.

Racial diversity or other factors associated with social cohesion also show little correlation with gun deaths. Among European countries, there is little association between immigration or other diversity metrics and the rates of gun murders or mass shootings.

A Violent Country

America’s gun homicide rate was 33 per million people in 2009, far exceeding the average among developed countries. In Canada and Britain, it was 5 per million and 0.7 per million, respectively, which also corresponds with differences in gun ownership.

Americans sometimes see this as an expression of deeper problems with crime, a notion ingrained, in part, by a series of films portraying urban gang violence in the early 1990s. But the United States is not actually more prone to crime than other developed countries, according to a landmark 1999 study by Franklin E. Zimring and Gordon Hawkins of the University of California, Berkeley.

Rather, they found, in data that has since been repeatedly confirmed, that American crime is simply more lethal. A New Yorker is just as likely to be robbed as a Londoner, for instance, but the New Yorker is 54 times more likely to be killed in the process.

They concluded that the discrepancy, like so many other anomalies of American violence, came down to guns.

More gun ownership corresponds with more gun murders across virtually every axis: among developed countries, among American states, among American towns and cities and when controlling for crime rates. And gun control legislation tends to reduce gun murders, according to a recent analysis of 130 studies from 10 countries.

This suggests that the guns themselves cause the violence.

Mass Shootings Happen Everywhere

Skeptics of gun control sometimes point to a 2016 study. From 2000 and 2014, it found, the United States death rate by mass shooting was 1.5 per one million people. The rate was 1.7 in Switzerland and 3.4 in Finland, suggesting American mass shootings were not actually so common.

But the same study found that the United States had 133 mass shootings. Finland had only two, which killed 18 people, and Switzerland had one, which killed 14. In short, isolated incidents. So while mass shootings can happen anywhere, they are only a matter of routine in the United States.

As with any crime, the underlying risk is impossible to fully erase. Any individual can snap or become entranced by a violent ideology. What is different is the likelihood that this will lead to mass murder.

In China, about a dozen seemingly random attacks on schoolchildren killed 25 people between 2010 and 2012. Most used knives; none used a gun.

By contrast, in this same window, the United States experienced five of its deadliest mass shootings, which killed 78 people. Scaled by population, the American attacks were 12 times as deadly.

Beyond the Statistics

In 2013, American gun-related deaths included 21,175 suicides, 11,208 homicides and 505 deaths caused by an accidental discharge. That same year in Japan, a country with one-third America’s population, guns were involved in only 13 deaths.

This means an American is about 300 times more likely to die by gun homicide or accident than a Japanese person. America’s gun ownership rate is 150 times as high as Japan’s. That gap between 150 and 300 shows that gun ownership statistics alone do not explain what makes America different.

The United States also has some of the world’s weakest controls over who may buy a gun and what sorts of guns may be owned.

Switzerland has the second-highest gun ownership rate of any developed country, about half that of the United States. Its gun homicide rate in 2004 was 7.7 per million people — unusually high, in keeping with the relationship between gun ownership and murders, but still a fraction of the rate in the United States.

Swiss gun laws are more stringent, setting a higher bar for securing and keeping a license, for selling guns and for the types of guns that can be owned. Such laws reflect more than just tighter restrictions. They imply a different way of thinking about guns, as something that citizens must affirmatively earn the right to own.

The Difference Is Culture

The United States is one of only three countries, along with Mexico and Guatemala, that begin with the opposite assumption: that people have an inherent right to own guns.

The main reason American regulation of gun ownership is so weak may be the fact that the trade-offs are simply given a different weight in the United States than they are anywhere else.

After Britain had a mass shooting in 1987, the country instituted strict gun control laws. So did Australia after a 1996 incident. But the United States has repeatedly faced the same calculus and determined that relatively unregulated gun ownership is worth the cost to society.

That choice, more than any statistic or regulation, is what most sets the United States apart.

“In retrospect Sandy Hook marked the end of the US gun control debate,” Dan Hodges, a British journalist, wrote in a post on Twitter two years ago, referring to the 2012 attack that killed 20 young students at an elementary school in Connecticut. “Once America decided killing children was bearable, it was over.

Arms Dealers

When eight heads arrived at a shipping warehouse in Detroit, the feds uncovered some unsavory details about the little-known trade in human remains.

The Texas Church Shooting Will Only Perpetuate the ‘Good Guy With a Gun’ Narrative

Research shows that, despite their heroics, armed civilians generally do not prevent mass shootings.

Continue reading

Church Shootings Are Becoming Much More Common

Yet the existing data suggests churches aren’t more or less vulnerable to gun violence than other publicly accessible spaces.

Continue reading

American Hyper-Capitalism Breeds the Lonely, Alienated Men Who Become Mass Killers

By Harriet Fraad, Richard D. Wolff, AlterNet

Despair, rage and lack of human connection among white men are key culprits in America’s mass shooting epidemic. READ MORE»

The Far Right Fantasized About a Gun Battle With Antifa, But Got Another Mass Killer in Gun-Crazy Texas

By Steven Rosenfeld, AlterNet

As America lurches from one crisis to another, the far right wants violence to be the new normal. READ MORE»

Texas Governor Abbott on How to Stop Mass Killings: ‘You Do That by Working With God’ (And Supporting the NRA Right Down the Line)

By Kali Holloway, AlterNet

You can’t have it both ways. Eight times Gov. Abbott helped push the NRA agenda. READ MORE»

Trump says ‘hundreds more’ might have died in Texas shooting if gun laws were tougher

“It’s not going to help,” Trump says of stricter gun laws.

By David Nakamura  •   Read more »

 

Congress hasn’t sorted out what to do about bump stocks. The Texas shooting isn’t likely to jump-start debate, either.

“No one is safe so long as Congress chooses to do absolutely nothing in the face of this epidemic,” a Democrat warns.

By Ed O’Keefe and Sean Sullivan  •   Read more »

 

This is your body and mind on a raw food cleanse

This is your body and mind on a raw food cleanse

You’re wondering if you can do this. Just raw fruits and vegetables for 28 days, albeit as much as you want. After all, don’t all those yummy looking raw recipes out there include lots of creamy cashew sauces, nuts, wraps and dehydrated snacks? But the spirit of a cleanse is fresh and living foods, eaten, sipped from smoothies, spooned from gazpachos or in juiced form.

One of my goals was to do a cleanse like the one in the book Medical Medium: Secrets Behind Chronic and Mystery Illness and How to Finally Heal. I have little follow-through but I did it! I lost 8 pounds without exercise, but did the cleanse for my health. I also quit caffeine. The following reflects my experience and only my experience. These may not be everyone’s results but here’s the perspective someone may have on a cleanse.

    ***Warning – talk to your preferred healthcare practitioner and research if you should consider any type of temporary cleanse diet. Cutting calories on a cleanse can be counterproductive – it’s about nutrition.

During the prep days    ……You prepare for the raw cleanse by having 1-2 raw meals a day and by cutting out heavy foods like burgers. You might have steamed veggies or a baked potato on these nights. You’ve begun to wean yourself off of caffeine as soon as you opted for a cleanse. (You can do these things at any point for a quick clean-out – it doesn’t have to be for a strict cleanse.) Your body doesn’t resist, but you do! You find yourself in the bathroom more, and there may be a slight headache. Don’t confuse irritability and moodiness with the actual you. Don’t confuse this with your body not liking the change – it’s happy that you’ve obliged with easy-to-digest meals. It’s already starting to dump! You forge ahead.

At the start of Week 1……If you’ve never cleansed before or were eating the Standard American Diet, this week might be rough. It could also be a breeze. You could find yourself saying, what’s the big deal – you got this!

By the end of one week with fruit/green smoothies, salads and spinach green soups, you cannot believe how many times you’ve used the bathroom. But in the mirror you notice a glow to your face…and some blemishes. You recall with excitement how you bounced out of bed with a noticeably muted level of pain and stiffness. And with a smile you relish seeing a number on the scale that you haven’t seen in a long time.

At the start of Week 2………Now it’s getting tougher. Sure, 7 days is doable but now your mind wants every single comfort food you ever enjoyed in your life. It’s personal to you. It could be McDonald’s, Italian pasta, and my god, the cheese – ooey gooey, addictive cheese. You never thought you’d kill for it before, but…

If you’re watching a show, you’ll be able to smell what they’re serving up. You’ll long for your partner’s french fries and pizza… We’re not going to lie, this week’s tough. You may dream of your favorite foods like fried potatoes and scrambled eggs. You may wake up fearing that you’ve broken the cleanse. You can eat the raw fruit and green meals until you’re full but still feel this emotional gaping hole inside that you were previously using food to plug up. You’re besought by brain fog and forgetfulness. Still, you’re starting to recognize the value of calories over macronutrients like protein and fat. And you recall that it’s temporary.

Your skin, weight and pain levels may be better this week, but really it’s something deeper within you that keeps you laser-focused on continuing the cleanse.

By the Start of Week 3  …….We’re sorry to say that you’ll probably be going through more intense cravings. This is an intense cleanse! You may cry about pizza! pasta! (I sobbed for french fries) But suddenly it dawns on you how starkly different emotional cravings are from intuition. You rethink some of your past food choices. You try to remind yourself that every time you have these cravings, it is toxicants and toxins leaving the body. You are assured of this through the dropping pain levels and the new digital numbers beaming at you from the scale.

By the end of this week, you can’t help but notice how many billboards and coupons there are to get you to eat crap. You recount how difficult it would be for someone to choose to eat the way you have been eating for weeks now. And how easy it is obtain something dipped in old, fried grease. You are startled to find that this image churns your stomach a bit. But you may resent the cleanse, especially with all the football parties you’ve sat through, unable to eat that jalapeno popper dip or drink beer.

Yet you can’t help notice the ways that fruit and vegetables profoundly quiet your hunger for a spicy chicken sandwich! You’ve been empowered with a knowledge no one can ever take from you – that you you’re not going to starve. You intuit when you need more naps and you don’t ask for permission or wait for your family’s support. In the quiet hours of the morning, you reflect on this new connection with your body with gratitude – and you hear the small voice inside thank you back. You realize something bigger is happening in your life.

Towards the End of Week 4 …Junk food cravings are starting to die a little – one by one. They left. Vamoose! Instead of saying, when I get off this cleanse I’m totally going to eat that – you think, then again, maybe not….

You may be rising from sleep earlier unless a major health issue is the reason you’re embarking on a cleanse. Still, you may find that you need less sleep during the night. You may need more rest during the day or more breaks.

You might be getting more breakouts on your face, or they may be clearing up at this point. Your body reminds you to drink more water, especially to help with swollen lymph glands that have been in full force this whole time. You may rebound, walk, or start doing chores you neglected before. You suddenly find yourself cleaning effortlessly. Organizing. Paperwork seems to do itself. You discover that you do have a personal style when it comes to your clothing and home design. With the inner clutter out, you are amazed at how the clutter around you disappears as though Mary Poppins were there, snapping her fingers.

It’s not just the food that has less hold on you, it’s other addictive habits like TV, gaming and shopping. It’s hard to explain! You’re just inexplicably different now. Those distractions are no longer the fulfilling part of your life. Neither is food! You may even have those difficult discussions with loved ones after the cleanse. You’re getting into a good headspace now!

You are thoroughly satisfied when you see that last number on the scale and you also know that it’s just a number. It’s not who you are. You know who you are now. You are incredibly empowered. You know there will be more cleanses in the future and you actually embrace the idea. After all, you’re no longer sabotaging your efforts to heal. You work for you now and you realize that real self-love is about self-care. You’ve never had such compassion for yourself and others before. Fear doesn’t run your life.

Your energy is different – even at the job now. You don’t let anyone take advantage of you, yet there’s no power struggle. You are showing up in all areas of your life and people are noticing your new vibe. Real self-love is the type of self-care that allows you to live out your purpose here and have the energy to contribute to the world – to your soul, to the people you love most.

Afterword …Be extremely careful getting off any type of cleanse. Now is not the time for greasy enchiladas or even extra helpings of lentil soup. It is also possible to gain weight back after a cleanse – trust your body to recalibrate with your new lifestyle which can include a little or a lot of raw produce. Getting off a cleanse can be a bit of a downer, but you’ll never be the same – in a good way. No one can take away the knowledge that the living foods telegraphed to your body and mind. You will trust your body and it will trust you back.

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