This will take some time do digest

…This will take some time do digest….

This One Shocking Factor Can Make You 4600 Percent More Likely To Become an Addict

It was discovered quite by accident – in part of a study of a totally different subject.

By Johann Hari / AlterNetJune 8, 2018, 10:04 AM GMT.

One of my earliest memories is of trying to wake up one of my relatives, and not being able to. As I got older, I understood why. We had addiction in my family. And as I watched some of my other close relatives become addicts, I asked myself several questions, but one in particular seemed haunting and insistent: why does addiction so often run in families? Why does it seem to pass from mother to daughter, from father to son, as though it were some dark genetic twist?

I went on a long journey to find the answers to these questions – I describe it in my book ‘Chasing The Scream: The First and Last Days of the War on Drugs.’ My research was book-ended by two events that remind us why we need to urgently understand this.

On Feb. 11 2012, Whitney Houston was found facedown in a bathtub, with her bloodstream pumped by alcohol, cocaine, and prescription drugs. This year, almost exactly three years on, her daughter Bobbi Kristina Brown was found facedown in a bathtub, after talking publicly about her own drug addiction, and pleading: “What do I really do? God, Help me ignore and rebuke what these demons are saying.”  It now looks – according to most reports – as if Bobbi will never recover. Last month, her father Bobby Brown said she had opened her eyes, but her grandmother said she has “irreversible brain damage.

This question is no longer a mystery. It is no longer shrouded in fog. We know the major reason why addiction is transmitted through families – and it is not what most of us think. There is a genetic factor; but there is another explanation that is even more significant – and that we can do something about. A major studyby the Center for Disease Control (CDC) and the healthcare provider Kaiser Permanente of 17,000 people has unlocked this – and its results have subsequently been replicated by over 20 studies funded by individual US states.(1)

It was discovered quite by accident – in part of a study of a totally different subject. A distinguished doctor in San Diego called Vincent Felitti was trying to find out the underlying causes of obesity, and he was overseeing the treatment of over 30,000 people. He spent long sessions talking with his patients about when they had started to over-eat – and what events had taken place at that point in their lives, at the apparent trigger-moment.

Dr Felliti noticed something striking. His patients seemed to have been sexually abused at a higher rate than the general population. Far higher. One woman explained that she gained 105 pounds after being raped. “Overweight is overlooked,” she said, “and that’s the way I need to be.”

Intrigued, Dr Felitti launched a major and detailed study to find out what role – if any – traumatic childhood events played in obesity. It became known as the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Survey. They questioned 17,000 people in San Diego, mostly middle class and professional, to find out if they had gone through any of ten traumatic experiences that can happen to a child – from neglect to violence to rape. They then followed them to see if they suffered any other problems later in life. At the same time as they looked to see if there was any correlation with obesity, they also included other factors – like drug addiction.

What they discovered seemed, at first, to be an error.

“A person who experienced any six or more of the categories” of childhood trauma, Dr Felitti tells me, “was 4600 percent more likely to become an IV [injecting] drug user later in life than a person who experienced none of them.” (2) He adds: “I remember the epidemologists at the CDC told me those were numbers a magnitude of which they see once in a career. You read the latest cancer scare of the week in the newspaper and something causes an increase of 30 percent in breast or prostate cancer and everybody goes nuts – and here, we’re talking 4600 percent.”

The published research showed that for every category of trauma that happens to a child, they are two to four times more like to grow up to be an addict – and multiple traumas produced a massive risk. The correlation for addiction was startling. Nearly two-thirds of injecting drug use, they found, is the result of early childhood trauma. (3)

But why would this be? Further research by the British psychoanalyst Dr Sue Gerhardt advances an explanation. (4) When you were a baby, what happened when you were upset? If your mother soothed and reassured you, in time, you will have learned to soothe and reassure yourself. If, however, your mother responded to your pain by being hostile or angry or distressed – as chaotic addicts like Whitney Houston often do – you will not have learned to regulate your own feelings. You would then be much more likely to need to seek external soothing – and nothing stuns internal grief quite like chemicals, for a while.

Just as Dr Felitti’s obese patients tried to protect themselves from predatory sexual attention with layers of fat, his drug-addicted patients were often trying to protect themselves from the childhood storms in their own heads – by numbing themselves with chemicals. His obese patient didn’t feel so afraid of sexual assault if she had rendered herself conventionally ‘unattractive.’ His addicted patients didn’t feel their own agony so keenly if they were drugged.

We know that Bobbi Kristina Brown, as a little girl, went through many of the traumas that were proven to massively increase addiction – her father violently attacking her mother, parental addiction, neglect. Survivors of this kind of childhood find it harder to trust people – so they are more likely to become isolated,another major driver of addiction. In another tragic twist, kids of addicts often think turning to the drug will bring them closer to their addicted parents. In my book I tell the story of Chino Hardin, a transsexual former crack dealer in Brownsville, Brooklyn who became my friend. His mother, Deborah, had a crack addiction, and died when Chino was twelve. He started using crack not long after. “I wanted to know,” he told me, “what she chose over me.”

Today, we have a criminal justice system that takes people who are addicted because they endured trauma, and we traumatize them more. We routinely put them in prison cells with no support, and where rape is a running punch-line in the popular culture. (There’s even a current major Hollywood film – ‘Get Hard’ – based on the hilarity of this premise.) Dr Gabor Mate, one of the leading experts on this question, told me: “If I had to design a system that was intended to keep people addicted, I’d design exactly the system that we have right now.”

Dr Mate – after years of treating patients who became addicts after hellish abuse – has outlined an alternative. Imagine if we had taken the $1 trillion that has been spent so far on the failed drug war, and had spent it on the collapsing services designed to protect abused children instead. Every year there are 686,000 kids who have been identified as abused or neglected in the US – and the services for them are appalling. We are setting up a generation of new addicts – and then we will squander more money punishing them. If we spent the drug war money on turning this around, there would, this evidence suggests, be a genuine and substantial fall in addiction.

But the biggest change this evidence should trigger isn’t political – it is personal. In our everyday lives, we need to think about the addicts we work alongside, live alongside, and love. “When people are having problems,” Dr Robert Anda, another author of the ACE study, tells me, “it’s time to stop asking what’s wrong with them, and start asking what happened to them.”

When we look at addicts, if we are honest – and I feel it too, even though I have loved many addicts in my life – it’s hard to keep out voices of moral judgement. We look at somebody who is chronically using alcohol or drugs, and we say with a shake of the head: “Well, I wouldn’t do that.” By the end of my journey, I had realized that makes as much sense as looking at somebody who has had their legs amputated after a car crash and saying: “Cutting off your legs is weird. I would never do that.” Addicts have been in car crashes of the soul.

This also means addicts have to think about themselves differently.

When I read Bobbi Kristina Brown’s cries for help, what I hear most is shame. She seems to believe that she is a bad and disgusting person who doesn’t deserve love. That is what our culture communicates to addicts every day. I wish I could have told her – you’re not the one who should be ashamed. It’s the rest of us – because we failed to protect you as a kid, and because we treated you as a criminal when you tried to deal with the agony that resulted. Bobbi, you were no worse than anyone else. You were only more wounded.


1 These studies are known as the the BRFSS (Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System) done in every US state, every year.  The majority of states have integrated the ACE work into them.

2 ‘Chadwick’s Child Maltreatment: Sexual Abuse and Psychological Maltreatment’, publ by STM Learning, p206

3 In the Realm of Hungry Ghosts by Gabor Mate, p201-2

4 ‘Why Love Matters’, by Sue Gephart, publ by Routledge.

Johann Hari’s New York Times best-selling book ‘Chasing The Scream: The First and Last Days of the War on Drugs’ is published by Bloomsbury as a hardback, ebook and audiobook. To find out where to buy it, to take a quiz to see how much you know about addiction, and to watch Johann discussing the book, click here.

To be kept up to date on this issue, you can ‘like’ the book’s Facebook page hereand follow Johann on Twitter at


If he did it would immediately crystalize our representative democracy and WE would be required to act … or NOT act and passively accept a monarchy or dictatorship or both

…If he did it would immediately crystalize our representative democracy and WE would be required to act … or NOT act and passively accept a monarchy or dictatorship or both…

Bill Maher Blisters Trump: ‘I Wouldn’t Put It Past Him to Try and Cancel the Next Election’

By Martin Cizmar, Raw Story

Liberals are losing in every way that matters, he said, even as they celebrate canceling Roseanne. READ MORE»


…Anyone honestly surprised … Hell … our commander and chief commits crimes and laughs about it…

…Anyone honestly surprised … Hell … our commander and chief commits crimes and laughs about it…

Pentagon: U.S.-led coalition committed crimes


… against civilians in Syria, IraqThe US Department of Defense (The Pentagon) admitted that the U.S.-led coalition has committed crimes of killing civilians in Syria and Iraq.Washington newspaper quoted U.S. Army Col. Thomas Veale, a spokesman for the U.S.-led coalition as saying that despite the U.S. military’s best efforts to assess civilian casualties, no one will ever know exactly how many civilians U.S. strikes have killed since the beginning of the coalition operations in the two countries in …
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… Dictator … King … Fuhrer … whatever label … he feels he does not answer to anyone… Is he right…???

Dictator … King … Fuhrer … whatever label … he feels he does not answer to anyone… Is he right…???

Is Trump Becoming a Dictator? He’s Already Showing 7 of 10 Notable Signs

By Chris Sosa, AlterNet

Our president represents the threat to democracy many feared upon his shocking election. READ MORE»

It just might be intelligent move for us to take time to comprehend the long term effects on life of all the forms of radiation to which we are subjected 24/7..???

..It just might be intelligent move for us to take time to comprehend the long term effects on life of all the forms of radiation to which we are subjected 24/7..???

The killing fields and mind control of microwave radiation – TETRA anyone?


It’s about 25 years since the introduction of digital mobile phones and its resultant technology were foisted onto society. These devices were authorised and allowed onto market with no safety testing. Today, mobile phone communication has deepened and widened to such an extent that we now have more mobile phones than people.In spite of our love affair with this Brave New Digital Age, disturbing trends are revealing themselves: rates of anxiety, stress and depression have massively increased; unusual …
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our “courts” are now no longer separate from Presidential authority

…Inasmuch as our “courts” are now no longer separate from Presidential authority … leaving Obamacare/ACA in their hands does not make me feel that justice will be authentically delivered…

GOP sabotage of ‘Obamacare’ now in the courts


Posted on  by AZ BlueMeanie |

The Trump administration in a brief filed Thursday night says that it will not defend the Affordable Care Act against the latest legal challenge to its constitutionality — a dramatic break from the executive branch’s tradition of arguing to uphold existing statutes and a land mine for health insurance changes the ACA brought about. Trump administration won’t defend ACA in case brought by GOP states:


In a brief filed in a Texas federal court and an accompanying letter to the House and Senate leaders of both parties, the Justice Department agrees in large part with the 20 Republican-led states that brought the suit. They contend that the ACA provision requiring most Americans to carry health insurance soon will no longer be constitutional — because The GOP Tax Bill Repealed Obamacare’s Individual Mandateand that, as a result, consumer insurance protections under the law (e.g. preexisting conditions) will not be valid, either.


The three-page letter from Attorney General Jeff Sessions begins by saying that Justice adopted its position “with the approval of the President of the United States.” The letter acknowledges that the decision not to defend an existing law deviates from history but contends that it is not unprecedented.

The bold swipe at the ACA, a Republican whipping post since its 2010 passage, does not immediately affect any of its provisions. But it puts the law on far more wobbly legal footing in the case, which is being heard by a GOP-appointed judge [in what was a shameless case of forum shopping] who has in other recent cases ruled against more minor aspects.


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Whiny Trump Cuts Short G-7Early

Petulant, Whiny Trump Cuts Short G-7Early, France Effectively

Declares U.S. Irrelevant

Dartagnan  ….Community …..2018/06/08 · 04:31

It must have been all the big words.

WASHINGTON — The White House said President Donald Trump will cut short his visit with the Group of Seven economic powers in Canada this weekend, announcing that he would to leave the summit early after sparring with other world leaders on the issue of trade.

By leaving after a session on women’s empowerment on Saturday morning, Trump will skip meetings on climate change, energy policy and oceans.

It’s no surprise he’s skipping the session on climate change and energy policy. He’d be laughed right out of the room. On camera, at that.

And that’s the real reason for this tantrum. The last thing Trump wants is the optics of being lectured by someone who actually knows what he’s talking about.